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Optimized variants of the cold shock protein from in vitro selection : structural basis of their high thermostability

Title data

Max, Klaas E. A. ; Wunderlich, Michael ; Roske, Yvette ; Schmid, Franz X. ; Heinemann, Udo:
Optimized variants of the cold shock protein from in vitro selection : structural basis of their high thermostability.
In: Journal of Molecular Biology. Vol. 369 (15 June 2007) Issue 4 . - pp. 1087-1097.
ISSN 0022-2836
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2007.04.016

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Abstract in another language

The bacterial cold shock proteins (Csp) are widely used as models for the experimental and computational analysis of protein stability. In a previous study, in vitro evolution was employed to identify strongly stabilizing mutations in Bs-CspB from Bacillus subtilis. The best variant found by this approach contained the mutations M1R, E3K and K65I, which raised the midpoint of thermal unfolding of Bs-CspB from 53.8 degrees C to 83.7 degrees C, and increased the Gibbs free energy of stabilization by 20.9 kJ mol(-1). Another selected variant with the two mutations A46K and S48R was stabilized by 11.1 kJ mol(-1). To elucidate the molecular basis of these stabilizations, we determined the crystal structures of these two Bs-CspB variants. The mutated residues are generally well ordered and provide additional stabilizing interactions, such as charge interactions, additional hydrogen bonds and improved side-chain packing. Several mutations improve the electrostatic interactions, either by the removal of unfavorable charges (E3K) or by compensating their destabilizing interactions (A46K, S48R). The stabilizing mutations are clustered at a contiguous surface area of Bs-CspB, which apparently is critically important for the stability of the beta-barrel structure but not well optimized in the wild-type protein.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 17481655
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 07:33
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 15:30
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/10629