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Folding mechanism of porcine ribonuclease

Title data

Grafl, Reinhard ; Lang, Kurt ; Wrba, Alex ; Schmid, Franz X.:
Folding mechanism of porcine ribonuclease.
In: Journal of Molecular Biology. Vol. 191 (20 September 1986) Issue 2 . - pp. 281-293.
ISSN 0022-2836
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(86)90265-2

Official URL: Volltext

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Abstract in another language

The kinetics of unfolding and refolding of porcine ribonuclease were investigated. The unfolded state of this protein was found to consist of a fast-refolding species (UF) and two slow-refolding species (UIS and UIIS). After the rapid collapse of the structure during the N (native)----UF unfolding reaction, UIS and UIIS are produced from UF by two independent slow isomerizations of the unfolded polypeptide chain, leading ultimately to a mixture of about 10% UF, 20% UIIS and 70% UIS molecules at equilibrium. This is at variance with all other ribonucleases investigated to date, which show a distribution of 20% UF, 60 to 70% UIIS and only 10 to 20% UIS. The two isomerizations of the unfolded porcine protein differ strongly in rate. The first process with tau = 250 seconds (10 degrees C) leads to an increase in the fluorescence of Tyr92 and was identified as cis in equilibrium trans isomerization of Pro93. At equilibrium, most unfolded molecules contain an incorrect trans Pro93. The second isomerization is much slower (tau = 1300 s at 10 degrees C) and leads to a predominance of the incorrect isomer as well. Like isomerization of Pro93, it is governed by an activation enthalpy of 22 kcal/mol (92 kJ/mol) and it was tentatively assigned to the Pro114-Pro115 sequence of porcine ribonuclease. Because of the wide separation in rate between the two reactions, molecules with an incorrect isomer only at Pro93 accumulate transiently after unfolding. These are the UIIS molecules. Most of them are finally converted to UIS by the 1300 second process. All molecules that have undergone this isomerization refold very slowly, i.e. the UIS molecules. The major fraction contains two incorrect isomers. A 1300 second isomerization after unfolding and a predominant very slow refolding reaction were observed only for the porcine protein. We suggest that these changes in the folding mechanism may be correlated with the presence of the Pro114-Pro115 sequence, which occurs only in porcine ribonuclease. The refolding pathway of porcine UIIS involves the rapid formation of a native-like intermediate with an incorrect trans Pro93 as was found previously for the bovine ribonuclease, where the UIIS species predominates in the unfolded state.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 3806674
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 12:22
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2015 12:54
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11231