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Kinetics of nickel-catalyzed purification of tarry fuel gases from gasification and pyrolysis of solid fuels

Titelangaben

Depner, Holger ; Jess, Andreas:
Kinetics of nickel-catalyzed purification of tarry fuel gases from gasification and pyrolysis of solid fuels.
In: Fuel. Bd. 78 (1999) Heft 12 . - S. 1369-1377.
ISSN 1873-7153
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(99)00067-8

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Link zum Volltext (externe URL): Volltext

Abstract

As a contribution to develop a process for the chemical upgrading of tarry fuel gases, the kinetics of the catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons on a commercial nickel-catalyst in the presence of H2 and H2O (Süd-Chemie, G 117) were studied. Besides single model hydrocarbons (naphthalene, benzene and methane) and their mixtures, a feed gas obtained by coal pyrolysis was catalytically converted. The experiments were performed in a tubular flow reactor at a total pressure of 160 kPa, a residence time with respect to the empty reactor up to 0.1 s and a particle diameter of 1.5 or 19 mm, varying with the temperature (450–1150°C) and concentrations of H2, H2O and the hydrocarbons. The influence of H2S and NH3 on the activity of the catalyst was also studied. The results indicate that the Ni-catalyst used is suitable to convert tarry fuel gases into a clean fuel or reduction gas, even if H2S is present. Although the rate of chemical reaction of the hydrocarbons on the Ni-catalyst is substantially reduced by hydrogen sulphide, a rest activity still remains, and all higher hydrocarbons are completely converted to CO, H2 and CO2 at a temperature of about 1000°C (0.3 vol% H2S; τ=0.1 s). In contrast to H2S, NH3 has no influence on the conversion of hydrocarbons on the Ni-catalyst, and is just converted to N2 and H2. In a reactor of industrial scale, the overall reaction rate of hydrocarbon conversion is significantly affected by gas film diffusion (particle diameter: 19 mm), and is therefore only slightly influenced by H2S.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: Catalytic purification; Tarry fuel gases; Ni-catalyst; Naphthalene; Benzene; Methane; Mass-transfer limitations
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andreas Jess
Fakultäten
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Nein
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 540 Chemie
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 600 Technik
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 660 Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Eingestellt am: 05 Mai 2015 09:35
Letzte Änderung: 05 Mai 2015 09:35
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11766