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High Crystallinity and Nature of Crystal−Crystal Phase Transformations in Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene)

Title data

Pascui, Ovidiu F. ; Lohwasser, Ruth H. ; Sommer, Michael ; Thelakkat, Mukundan ; Thurn-Albrecht, Thomas ; Saalwächter, Kay:
High Crystallinity and Nature of Crystal−Crystal Phase Transformations in Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene).
In: Macromolecules. Vol. 43 (2010) Issue 22 . - pp. 9401-9410.
ISSN 0024-9297
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ma102205t

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Molecular weight and stereoregularity affect the morphology and the crystallinity of conjugated polymers and are thus of pivotal relevance for the mobility of charge carriers in electro-optical device applications. Currently, poly(3-akylthiophenes) are discussed as one of the most promising classes of materials for photovoltaic applications. Here, we use 13C solid-state NMR to determine the crystallinity and details on crystal−crystal phase transformations in regioregular head-to-tail poly(3-hexylthiophene) of well-defined molecular weight and demonstrate that the crystallinity was previously severely underestimated. Typical crystallinities are at least around 37% for the lowest molecular weights and as high as about 64% upon increasing MW, corresponding to a corrected maximum value for the reference melting enthalpy of ΔHm∞ ≈ 37 J/g for use in DSC experiments. Using 1D 13C spectra and 2D experiments that measure the strength of 13C−1H dipolar couplings, we observe that the crystal−crystal phase transition between a 3D- and a 2D-ordered crystalline phase at around 60 °C entails a structural disordering process of the alkyl side chains, while not affecting rigidity and conformation of the backbones. This phase transition is suppressed at higher molecular weights due to a kinetic suppression of the formation of the alkyl-ordered low-temperature phase.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry I
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mukundan Thelakkat
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 06:47
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 08:24
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/1258