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Bacterial Communities in Bangladesh Aquifers Differing in Aqueous Arsenic Concentration

Title data

Sultana, Munawar ; Härtig, Cornelia ; Planer-Friedrich, Britta ; Seifert, Jana ; Schlömann, Michael:
Bacterial Communities in Bangladesh Aquifers Differing in Aqueous Arsenic Concentration.
In: Geomicrobiology Journal. Vol. 28 (2011) Issue 3 . - pp. 198-211.
ISSN 1521-0529
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2010.490078

Abstract in another language

At Titas, Bangladesh, two aquifers of different arsenic concentrations and redox conditions were investigated to link variations in geochemistry to in situ bacterial diversity characterized byT-RFLP (terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism) and clone library analysis. Although the shallow aquifer was characterized by reduced gray sediments with a higher share of easily mobilized sedimentary arsenic (2.6% was easily mobilized from 18 mg/kg of total arsenic available in sediments) and higher aqueous arsenic concentrations of 120 ± 6 μg/L (45%arsenite), the deeper aquifer consisted of brown oxidized sediments with lower aqueous arsenic concentrations, predominantly as arsenate (60 ± 6 μg/L; 3% arsenite) and a higher share of tightly bound arsenic (only 0.6% of 53 mg/kg total sorbed arsenic was easily mobilized). The bacterial communities of both aquifers were dominated by putative aerobic or denitrifying populations of Pseudomonas, Elizabethkingia and Pantoea. The shallow aquifer was more diverse in bacterial populations of aerobic, facultative and anaerobic bacteria, an observation which may be correlated to more variable geochemical conditions resulting in arsenic mobilization and re-sorption. The deeper aquifer showed higher abundance of aerobic bacterial populations including the presence of iron-oxidizing Sideroxydans possibly of importance for the sorption of arsenic on oxidized iron hydroxides. From the arsenic-affected shallow aquifer, As(III) oxidizing isolates of Comamonas and Microbacterium were obtained, which may provide information on suitable conditions for arsenic immobilization useful for future bioremediation efforts.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: No
Additional notes: BAYCEER81719
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry Group
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry Group > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Britta Planer-Friedrich
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 12:10
Last Modified: 05 May 2015 12:10
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/12786