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A critical investigation of hydride generation-based arsenic speciation in sulfidic waters

Title data

Planer-Friedrich, Britta ; Wallschläger, Dirk:
A critical investigation of hydride generation-based arsenic speciation in sulfidic waters.
In: Environmental Science & Technology. Vol. 43 (2009) Issue 13 . - pp. 5007-5013.
ISSN 0013-936X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es900111z

Abstract in another language

In sulfidic environments, hydride generation-based approaches are not suitable for arsenic determination because thioarsenates which can constitute the predominant arsenic species under these conditions (>80% of total arsenic) are completely ignored. Sample acidification for preservation or during hydride generation leads to loss of total inorganic arsenic due to precipitation of arsenic-sulfur phases. Total concentrations can be determined correctly using 1% potassium iodide as prereducing agent while with L-cysteine (0.16 mol L-1), transformation of tetra-, tri-, and dithioarsenate to arsenite remains incomplete. By decreasing the original sample pH, hydride generation destroys thioarsenate species distribution because only monothioarsenate is stable over the whole pH range. Dithioarsenate transforms to arsenite below pH 4. Tetrathioarsenate transforms to trithioarsenate( pH 11.9) which subsequently transforms to arsenite (pH 5.6), followed by precipitation of arsenic-sulfur phases below pH 5. It is thus impossible to determine thioarsenates by hydride generation. The “As(III)”-fraction contains tetra-, tri-, and some dithioarsenate as well as arsenite, while monothioarsenate is determined with arsenate as “As(V)”. Different analytical setups have substantial impact on thioarsenate hydride-generation behavior, thus provide little comparability and render reinterpretation of existing arsenic hydride-generation speciation data from sulfidic environments impossible. In natural geothermal water samples from Yellowstone National Park, total arsenic concentrations determined by ICP-MS and by HG-AFS with prereductant agreed well (

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER80746
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry Group
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry Group > Professorship Environmental Geochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Britta Planer-Friedrich
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 12:10
Last Modified: 05 May 2015 12:10
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/12813