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Climate Change Effects on Vector-Borne Diseases in Europe

Title data

Fischer, Dominik ; Thomas, Stephanie ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Climate Change Effects on Vector-Borne Diseases in Europe.
In: Endlicher, Wilfried (Hrsg.): Continents under climate change. - Stuttgart , 2010 . - pp. 99-107 . - (Nova Acta Leopoldina ; 112 )

Abstract in another language

The most dangerous infectious diseases occur in tropical or subtropical regions. Climate change, however, will beassociated with the spread of vector-borne diseases to higher latitudes. Here, the resulting bio-risks for Europe arepresented in more detail. Knowledge on suitable future habitat for disease vectors in Europe is scarce. Here, one approach – the modeling of bioclimatic envelopes - is presented. By combining these envelopes with explicit regionalclimate change simulations, maps of future suitable climatic conditions for disease vectors can be developed. Inaddition to climatic drivers, globalization might also contribute to the spread of disease vectors in Europe. High invasivecapacity combined with travel and trade has turned several disease vectors into “global players”. Conceivably,climate change might create the ideal conditions at sea- and airports, from which imported vectors could then go onto conquer other areas in Europe. Nevertheless, vector establishment does not always equate to disease outbreak. Forthis, additional factors such as the abundance of reservoir hosts and pathogen requirements (e.g. thermal constraints)must be fulfilled. As a matter of fact, European health care is challenged by novel threats for which it must be prepared.This will require both interdisciplinary research and close links between policy and science in order to becomeproactive and if necessary to adapt monitoring systems in time.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER82987
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 06:12
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 06:12
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13409