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Evaluating forest fragmentation and its tree-community composition in the tropical rain forest of Southern Western Ghats (India) from 1973 – 2004

Title data

Giriraj, Amarnath ; Murthy, Manchi Sri Ramachandra ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Evaluating forest fragmentation and its tree-community composition in the tropical rain forest of Southern Western Ghats (India) from 1973 – 2004.
In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment. Vol. 161 (2010) Issue 1-4 . - pp. 29-44.
ISSN 1573-2959
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0724-5

Abstract in another language

A majority of the research on forest fragmentation is primarily focused on animal groups rather than on tree communities because of the complex structural and functional behaviorof the latter. In this study, we show that forest fragmentation provokes surprisingly rapidand profound alterations in tropical tree community. We examine forest fragments in the tropical region using high-resolution satellite imagerytaken between 1973 and 2004 in the Southern Western Ghats (India) in relation to landscape patterns and phytosociological datasets. We have distinguished fragmentation in six categories — interior, perforated, edge, transitional, patch, and undetermined — around each forested pixel. Furthermore, we have characterized each of the fragment class in the evergreen and semi-evergreen forest in terms of its species composition and richness, its species similarity and abundance, and its regeneration status. Different landscape metrics have been used to infer patterns of land-usechanges. Contiguous patches of >1,000 ha covered 90% of evergreen forest in 1973 with less porosity and minimal plantation and anthropogenic pressures; whereas in 2004, the area had 67% forestcoverage and a high level of porosity, possibly due to Ochlandra spread and increased plantations which resulted in the loss of such contiguous patches. Results highlight the importance of landscape metrics in monitoring land-cover change over time. Our main conclusion was to develop an approach, which combines information regarding land cover, degree of fragmentation, and phytosociological inputs, to conserve and prioritize tropical ecosystems.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER64249
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 06:12
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 06:12
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13414