Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Competition between DsbA-mediated oxidation and conformational folding of RTEM1 beta-lactamase

Title data

Frech, Christian ; Wunderlich, Martina ; Glockshuber, Rudi ; Schmid, Franz X.:
Competition between DsbA-mediated oxidation and conformational folding of RTEM1 beta-lactamase.
In: Biochemistry. Vol. 35 (3 September 1996) Issue 35 . - pp. 11386-11395.
ISSN 0006-2960

Abstract in another language

Similar to other proteins of the periplasm of Escherichia coli, TEM 1 beta-lactamase contains only a single disulfide bond. It can fold to its native conformation in both the presence and the absence of this disulfide bond. The GdmC1-dependent equilibrium unfolding of beta-lactamase in vitro is well described by a N reversible I reversible U three-state model in which the native protein (N) first reacts to an intermediate of the molten globule type (I) and then to the unfolded state (U). We find that the disulfide bond of beta-lactamase stabilizes I relative to U, but does not change the stability of N relative to I. The I reversible U transition is an extremely rapid reaction for both reduced and oxidized beta-lactamase, but the N reversible I folding kinetics are slow and identical in the presence and the absence of the disulfide bond. This insensitivity of the N reversible I equilibrium and kinetics suggests that the region around the disulfide bond is already native-like folded and is presumably buried in the intermediate I, prior to the slow and rate-limiting events of folding. This was confirmed by measuring the stability of the disulfide bond, which, to a first approximation, is identical in N and I. In native, reduced beta-lactamase, the thiol groups are inaccessible for oxidation by DsbA, but at the stage of the molten globule intermediate I oxidation is still possible, because I is in fast exchange with the unfolded protein U. The introduction of the disulfide bond into beta-lactamase by DsbA competes with conformational folding at the stage of the final slow steps in the folding of the reduced protein. The major problem in the oxidation of proteins with one or two disulfide bonds (such as beta-lactamase) is not the formation of incorrect disulfide bonds, but the premature burial of the thiol groups by the rapid conformational folding of the reduced protein. DsbA, the major thiol/ disulfide isomerase of the bacterial periplasm, meets this problem. It is a very strong oxidant, and its reaction with cysteine residues in unfolded proteins is extremely fast.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 8784194
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 18 May 2015 07:21
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 08:55
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13517