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Evidence for genetic differentiation and divergent selection in an autotetraploid forage grass (Arrhenatherum elatius)

Title data

Michalski, Stefan Georg ; Durka, Walter ; Jentsch, Anke ; Kreyling, Jürgen ; Pompe, Sven ; Schweiger, Oliver ; Willner, Evelin ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Evidence for genetic differentiation and divergent selection in an autotetraploid forage grass (Arrhenatherum elatius).
In: Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Vol. 120 (2010) Issue 6 . - pp. 1151-1162.
ISSN 1432-2242
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1242-8

Abstract in another language

The use of local provenances in restoration, agriculture and forestry has been identified as measure to sustain biological diversity and to improve local productivity. However, the delineation of regional provenances is challenging because it requires the identification of well defined groups based on spatio-genetic differentiation and/ or the evidence of local adaptation. In this study we investigate genetic variation at 186 AFLP loci in 46 European accessions of the important grassland species Arrhenatherum elatius and ask (1) whether genetic variation within accessions differs between European geographical regions; (2) at which spatial scale populations are structured across Europe and (3) whether putatively adaptive markers contribute to this pattern and whether these markers can be related to climatic site conditions. Basic expectations of population genetics are likely to be altered in autotetraploid species, thus, we adopted a band-based approach to estimate genetic diversity and structuring. Compared to other grasses A. elatius showed high genetic diversity and considerable differentiation among accessions (ΦST = 0.24). Accessions separated in a Western European and a Central/Eastern European group, without further structure within groups. A genome scan approach identified four potentially adaptive loci, whose band frequencies correlated significantly with climatic parameters, suggesting that genetic differentiation in A. elatius is also the result of adaptive processes. Knowledge on adaptive loci might in the long run also help to adapt ecosystems to adverse climate change effects through assisted migration of ecotypes rather than introduction of new species.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER77566
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Disturbance Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Disturbance Ecology > Professorship Disturbance Ecology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anke Jentsch
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/14676