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Evaluation of organic horizon C:N ratio as an indicator of nitrate leaching in conifer forests across Europe

Titelangaben

Dise, Nancy ; Matzner, Egbert ; Forsius, M.:
Evaluation of organic horizon C:N ratio as an indicator of nitrate leaching in conifer forests across Europe.
In: Environmental Pollution. Bd. 102 (1998) Heft 1 . - S. 453-456.
ISSN 1873-6424
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80068-7

Abstract

We evaluate the relationship between the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C:N) of the soil organic horizon and nitrate leaching in runoff orseepage water from 33 conifer forests across Europe. The sites span a geographical range covering 11 countries from Ireland towestern Russia and Finland to the southern Alps, and encompass a wide range in throughfall nitrogen deposition. The aim of thestudy is to evaluate the hypothesis that the C:N ratio of the organic (OH) horizon can be used to estimate the level of leaching ofnitrate from a forest ecosystem. The analysis suggests that C:N ratio can be an indicator of nitrate leaching for conifer forests acrossEurope if these ecosystems are grouped into broad categories of throughfall nitrogen deposition. At low levels of N deposition (< 10kg N ha-’ year-‘), nitrate leaching is low regardless of the OH C:N ratio. At intermediate (10-20 kg N ha-’ year-‘) and high (~20 kg Nha-’ year-‘) N deposition, nitrate leaching increases with decreasing C:N ratio. In addition, for any given value of C:N, the level ofnitrate leaching is higher at high N-deposition sites than at intermediate N-deposition sites. From the current data, OH horizon C:Nratio can give a reasonable estimate of the annual export flux of nitrate (95% confidence interval ca +5 kg N ha-’ year-‘) for sitesreceiving throughfall-N up to about 30 kg N ha-’ year-‘. Above this level, the variability in the data increases, suggesting other factorsmay need consideration to refine estimates of nitrate leaching.Keywords: Atmospheric deposition; C:N ratio; forest ecosystems; nitrogen cycling; nitrate leaching; nitrogen deposition

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Zusätzliche Informationen: BAYCEER7234
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Bodenökologie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Ehemalige Professoren > Lehrstuhl Bodenökologie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Egbert Matzner
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umweltforschung - BayCEER
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Eingestellt am: 13 Aug 2015 06:12
Letzte Änderung: 17 Jan 2018 06:49
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/18069