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Nitrogen uptake from 15N-enriched fertilizer by four tree crops in an Amazonian agroforest

Title data

Dinkelmeyer, Harald ; Lehmann, Johannes ; Renck, Andreas ; Trujillo, Lucerina ; Pereira da Silva Jr., Jose ; Gebauer, Gerhard ; Kaiser, Klaus:
Nitrogen uptake from 15N-enriched fertilizer by four tree crops in an Amazonian agroforest.
In: Agroforestry Systems. Vol. 57 (2003) Issue 3 . - pp. 213-224.
ISSN 0167-4366
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024824108549

Abstract in another language

Mixed tree cropping systems have been proposed for sustainable nutrient management in the humid tropics. Yet, the nutrient interactions between intercropped trees have not been addressed sufficiently. In the present study we compare the temporal and spatial patterns of the uptake of applied 15N by four different tree crops in a mixed tree cropping system on a Xanthic Ferralsol in central Amazonia, Brazil, during one year. Most of the N uptake occurred during the first two weeks. Very little N was recovered by peach palm (Bactris gasipaes), more by cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and annatto (Bixa orellana) and most by Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa). Due to tree pruning the total accumulation of applied 15N in the above-ground biomass of annatto decreased throughout the year. It remained constant in cupuassu and peach palm and increased in Brazil nut. Brazil nut showed an extensive root activity and took up more fertilizer N applied to neighboring trees than from the one applied under its own canopy in contrast to the other three tree crops. Therefore, trees with wide-spread root systems may not need to receive N fertilizer directly but can take up N applied to other trees in the mixed cropping system. This means that such trees may effectively decrease N leaching when intercropped with trees that have dormant periods or places with low N uptake, but also exert considerable resource competition.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER25943
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Ecology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 06:34
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 06:34
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19265