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Nitrogen use in mixed tree crop plantations with a legume cover crop

Title data

Lehmann, Johannes ; Pereira da Silva Jr., Jose ; Schroth, Götz ; Gebauer, Gerhard ; Ferreira da Silva, Luciana:
Nitrogen use in mixed tree crop plantations with a legume cover crop.
In: Plant and Soil. Vol. 225 (2000) Issue 1-2 . - pp. 63-72.
ISSN 1573-5036
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026580127965

Abstract in another language

In a multi-strata agroforestry system in central Amazonia, we studied the nitrogen (N) use of two indigenous fruit tree species, Theobroma grandiflorum Willd. (ex Spreng.) K. Schum. (cupuacu) and Bactris gasipaes Kunth. (peachpalm) for heart of palm production, and a legume cover crop, Pueraria phaseoloides Roxb. (Benth.) (pueraria). 15N was applied at a rate of 1 kg ha-1 twice at the beginning and at the peak of the rainy season, in a split plot design under either cupuacu, peachpalm or pueraria together with fertilizer N usually applied (95.4 and 42.4 g N tree-1 for cupuacu and peachpalm, respectively). Plant and soil 15N content and total 15N uptake were measured for 1 year. The highest N uptake by the trees occurred from areas underneath their canopy being more than 70% of their total N uptake. During the dry season, pueraria also took up most of its N (more than 70%) from the area underneath its own canopy. During the rainy season, however, pueraria utilized N from the area under cupuacu (27-40%) and peachpalm (34-47% of the total N uptake by pueraria). Cupuacu took up between 12 and 26% of its N from the area covered by pueraria, peachpalm slightly less with 10 to 18% (significant only at the end of the rainy season; P 15N), followed by pueraria (11%) and peachpalm (3%). Pueraria proved to be very important for the N cycling in the mixed tree cropping system recovering most (31%) of the applied 15N in plant and soil in comparison to cupuacu (20%) and peachpalm (21%). However, the natural 15N abundance of the tree leaves did not show a significant transfer of biologically fixed N2 from pueraria to the trees (P >0.05) and the cover crop did not improve tree N nutrition. The investigated fruit trees did not benefit from biologically fixed N2 of the legume cover crop due to their low lateral root activity and the high available soil N contents largely being an effect of the amount and placement of mineral fertilizer.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER25934
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Ecology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19669