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S. cerevisiae and sulfur: a unique way to deal with the environment

Title data

Scheibel, Thomas ; Bell, Stefan ; Walke, Stefan:
S. cerevisiae and sulfur: a unique way to deal with the environment.
In: The FASEB Journal. Vol. 11 (September 1997) Issue 11 . - pp. 917-921.
ISSN 0892-6638

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is by far the best-studied unicellular eukaryote. Although yeast cells are very similar to higher eukaryotes in many respects, there is striking evidence that S. cerevisiae is not a perfect model for a eukaryotic cell (cf. 1). Here we report that yeast proteins contain a significantly lower amount of cysteine residues compared to other eukaryotes. Explanations for this phenomenon could not be found in the sulfur metabolism of yeast, which showed no major differences from other organisms (2-4). However, previous examinations could link a defect in sulfate uptake of S. cerevisiae to an increased resistance against toxic substances like selenate and chromate in the environment, which share the same permeases (5-7). This environmental problem might have caused S. cerevisiae to down-regulate its sulfate uptake and therefore lead to a lower amount of available sulfur in the cell, making it necessary to replace all dispensable sulfur amino acids in proteins. We show in two examples that S. cerevisiae proteins contain only such cysteine residues that are structurally or functionally needed. Therefore, we conclude that S. cerevisiae has solved a widespread environmental problem in a specific way which might be unique among eukaryotes

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials > Chair Biomaterials - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Molecular Biosciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 13:02
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 10:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20057