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S. cerevisiae and sulfur: a unique way to deal with the environment


Scheibel, Thomas ; Bell, Stefan ; Walke, Stefan:
S. cerevisiae and sulfur: a unique way to deal with the environment.
In: The FASEB Journal. Bd. 11 (September 1997) Heft 11 . - S. 917-921.
ISSN 0892-6638


Link zum Volltext (externe URL): Volltext


Saccharomyces cerevisiae is by far the best-studied unicellular eukaryote. Although yeast cells are very similar to higher eukaryotes in many respects, there is striking evidence that S. cerevisiae is not a perfect model for a eukaryotic cell (cf. 1). Here we report that yeast proteins contain a significantly lower amount of cysteine residues compared to other eukaryotes. Explanations for this phenomenon could not be found in the sulfur metabolism of yeast, which showed no major differences from other organisms (2-4). However, previous examinations could link a defect in sulfate uptake of S. cerevisiae to an increased resistance against toxic substances like selenate and chromate in the environment, which share the same permeases (5-7). This environmental problem might have caused S. cerevisiae to down-regulate its sulfate uptake and therefore lead to a lower amount of available sulfur in the cell, making it necessary to replace all dispensable sulfur amino acids in proteins. We show in two examples that S. cerevisiae proteins contain only such cysteine residues that are structurally or functionally needed. Therefore, we conclude that S. cerevisiae has solved a widespread environmental problem in a specific way which might be unique among eukaryotes

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Molekulare Biowissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Polymer- und Kolloidforschung
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields > Lebensmittel- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Nein
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 01 Okt 2015 13:02
Letzte Änderung: 26 Nov 2015 10:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20057