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Atmospheric speciation of ionic organotin, organolead and organomercury compounds in NE Bavaria (Germany)

Title data

Huang, Jen-How ; Klemm, Otto:
Atmospheric speciation of ionic organotin, organolead and organomercury compounds in NE Bavaria (Germany).
In: Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 38 (2004) Issue 30 . - pp. 5013-5023.
ISSN 1352-2310
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.06.015

Abstract in another language

Organotin (OTC), organolead (OLC) and organomercury (OMC) compounds are highly toxic and exhibit a potential negative effect on terrestrial ecosystems. Individual ionic OTC, OLC and OMC compounds were identified and their concentrations determined in the gas phase, aerosol particles, and bulk precipitation at a rural (Waldstein) and an urban (Bayreuth city) site in NE-Bavaria. At both sites, butyltins, methyltins, octyltins, trimethyllead and monomethylmercury concentrations in the gas phase were (determined as corresponding Sn, Pb and Hg concentrations, respectively) with the dominance of tri- and di-substituted OTC and octyltins. The same species were found in bulk precipitation with concentrations (Sn, Pb, Hg) with the dominance of mono-substituted OTC. In aerosols, only butyltins, dimethyltin and monomethyltin () were found and mono-substituted OTC predominated. No significant difference of concentrations of organometallic compounds in the atmosphere at the two sites was found. For OTC, the washout factors was in the order: mono-di->tri-substituted OTC, and the gas/particle partition coefficients were mono-di-tri-substituted OTC. The distribution spectrum of OTC in aerosols showed the strong linkage of OTC to the long-lived particles and high accumulation of OTC in the filter at the Waldstein site. The results indicate that long-range-transport of organometallic compounds in the atmosphere is an important source at our both sites. Aerosol particles may serve as a sink in the chemical cycles of OTC in the atmosphere, especially for monomethyltin and monobutyltin. Keywords: Ionic organotin; Trimethyllead; Monomethylmercury; Gas; Aerosol; Bulk precipitation; Waldstein; Bayreuth

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER20683
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Micrometeorology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2015 05:56
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 05:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20233