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Child-caregivers' body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

Title data

Hoffmann, Sascha W. ; Tug, Suzan ; Simon, Perikles:
Child-caregivers' body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners.
In: BMC Public Health. Vol. 14 (2014) . - p. 822.
ISSN 1471-2458
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-822

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Abstract in another language

BACKGROUND:
The aim of this study was to examine whether child-caregivers', both parents and kindergarten teachers, health parameters (age, weight status, habitual physical activity score) are significantly associated with the risk of overweight in young children.
METHODS:
We assessed the individual body mass index standard deviation score in a regional cross-sectional health study and matched a representative sample of 434 kindergartners aged 3 to 6-years with their caregivers' weight and habitual physical activity status. Furthermore, we identified factors associated with the general ability of child-caregivers to identify overweight in children, and the awareness to classify a child within the correct weight category.
RESULTS:
Our study confirmed most of the known associations between parental anthropometrics and psychosocial factors with childhood overweight and obesity. A significantly higher proportion of boys tended to be overweight or obese (p = 0.027) and parents were more likely to misclassified boys overweight as normal weight (OR: 1.86; 95% CI 1.21-2.86). Adjusted for confounders, logistic regression analysis revealed that kindergarten teachers' weight status (OR: 1.97; 95%-CI: 1.01-3.83) and habitual physical activity scores (OR: 2.32; 95%-CI: 1.10-4.92) were associated with children's weight status.
CONCLUSIONS:
Kindergarten teachers' weight and habitual physical activity score seem to be new independent risk factors for overweight in kindergartners 3 to 6-years of age. Our results suggest that the psychosocial, non-genetic association of non-parental child-caregivers on children's weight is relatively high and that the association of non-parental child-caregivers warrants further investigation.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Child-caregivers; Association; Weight status; Habitual physical activity; Kindergarten teacher; Children’s weight status; Perception
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professorship Sports Science IV
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences
300 Social sciences > 370 Education
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 610 Medicine and health
700 Arts and recreation
700 Arts and recreation > 790 Sports, games, entertainment
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2015 22:00
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 06:52
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/24723