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DNA purification by triple-helix affinity precipitation

Title data

Costioli, Matteo D. ; Fisch, Igor ; Garret-Flaudy, Frédéric ; Hilbrig, Frank ; Freitag, Ruth:
DNA purification by triple-helix affinity precipitation.
In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Vol. 81 (March 2003) Issue 5 . - pp. 535-545.
ISSN 1097-0290
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.10497

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Recent advances in DNA-based medicine (gene therapy, genetic vaccination) have intensified the necessity for pharmaceutical-grade plasmid DNA purification at comparatively large scales. In this contribution triple-helix affinity precipitation is introduced for this purpose. A short, single-stranded oligonucleotide sequence (namely (CTT)7), which is capable of recognizing a complementary sequence in the double-stranded target (plasmid) DNA, is linked to a thermoresponsive N-isopropylacrylamide oligomer to form a so-called affinity macroligand (AML). At 4°C, i.e., below its critical solution temperature, the AML binds specifically to the target molecule in solution; by raising the temperature to 40°C, i.e., beyond the critical solution temperature of the AML, the complex can be precipitated quantitatively. After redissolution of the complex at lower temperature, the target DNA can be released by a pH shift to slightly alkaline conditions (pH 9.0). Yields of highly pure (plasmid) DNA were routinely between 70 and 90. Non-specific co- precipitation of either the target molecule by the non-activated AML precursor or of contaminants by the AML were below 7 and presumably due to physical entrapment of these molecules in the wet precipitate. Ligand efficiencies were at least 1 order of magnitude higher than in triple-helix affinity chromatography.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: downstream processing; lower critical solution temperature; plasmid DNA; PNIPAM; precipitation; thermoresponsive polymer; triple-helix affinity
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Process Biotechnology > Chair Process Biotechnology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ruth Freitag
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Process Biotechnology
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2016 15:10
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 15:10
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/31066