Titlebar

Bibliografische Daten exportieren
Literatur vom gleichen Autor
plus auf ERef Bayreuth
plus bei Google Scholar

 

Skills, Tasks and the Scarcity of Talent in a Global Economy

Titelangaben

Koch, Michael:
Skills, Tasks and the Scarcity of Talent in a Global Economy.
In: Review of International Economics. Bd. 24 (2016) Heft 3 . - S. 536-563.
ISSN 1467-9396
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/roie.12222

Abstract

The scarcity of talent is a tremendous challenge for firms in the globalized world. This paper investigates the role of labor market imperfection in open economies for the usage of talent in the production process of firms. For this purpose, I set up a heterogeneous firms model, where production consists of a continuum of tasks that differ in complexity. Firms hire low-skilled and high-skilled workers to perform these tasks. How firms assign workers to tasks depends on factor prices for the two skill types and the productivity advantage of high-skilled workers in the performance of complex tasks. I study the firms’ assignment problem under two labor market regimes, which capture the polar cases of fully flexible wages and a binding minimum wage for low-skilled workers. Since the minimum wage lowers the skill premium, it increases the range of tasks performed by high-skilled workers, which enhances the stock of knowledge within firms to solve complex tasks and reduces the mass of active firms. In a setting with fully flexible wages trade does not affect the firm-internal assignment of workers to tasks. On the contrary, if low-skilled wages are fixed by a minimum wage, trade renders high-skilled workers a scarce resource and reduces the range of tasks performed by this skill type with negative consequences for the human capital stock within firms. In this case, trade leads to higher per-capita income for both skill types and thus to higher welfare in the open than in the closed economy, whereas – somewhat counter-intuitive – inequality between the two skill types decreases, as more low-skilled workers find employment in the production process.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
Fakultäten > Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät > Fachgruppe Volkswirtschaftslehre
Fakultäten > Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät > Fachgruppe Volkswirtschaftslehre > Lehrstuhl Volkswirtschaftslehre II (Internationale Makroökonomik und Handel)
Fakultäten > Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät > Fachgruppe Volkswirtschaftslehre > Lehrstuhl Volkswirtschaftslehre II (Internationale Makroökonomik und Handel) > Lehrstuhl Volkswirtschaftslehre II (Internationale Makroökonomik und Handel) - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hartmut Egger
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 300 Sozialwissenschaften > 330 Wirtschaft
Eingestellt am: 03 Aug 2016 07:41
Letzte Änderung: 19 Aug 2016 06:18
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/34055