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Formic Acid-Based Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis for Green Fuel Production from Wet Waste Biomass and Renewable Excess Energy

Title data

Albert, Jakob ; Jess, Andreas ; Kern, Christoph ; Pöhlmann, Ferdinand ; Glowienka, Kevin ; Wasserscheid, Peter:
Formic Acid-Based Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis for Green Fuel Production from Wet Waste Biomass and Renewable Excess Energy.
In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. Vol. 4 (2016) Issue 9 . - pp. 5078-5086.
ISSN 2168-0485
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01531

Abstract in another language

While the production of hydrocarbons by Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a widely recognized, yet technically quite complex way to transform biomass via syngas (mostly from biomass gasification) into liquid fuels, we here present an alternative route transforming biomass first into formic acid (FA) followed by syngas formation by decomposition of FA and finally FTS using regenerative hydrogen (or if needed H2 from the stored FA) to balance the C:H ratio. The new method builds on the recently developed, selective oxidation of biomass to formic acid using Keggin-type polyoxometalates of the general formula (H3+x[PVxMo12–xO40]) as homogeneous catalysts, oxygen as the oxidant, and water as the solvent. This method is able to transform a wide range of complex and wet biomass mixtures into FA as the sole liquid product at mild reaction conditions (90 °C, 20–30 bar O2). We propose to convert FA with hydrogen from water electrolysis—the electrolysis step producing also the oxygen for the biomass oxidation to FA—to green hydrocarbon fuels using a typical Co-based FT catalyst.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Chemical Engineering
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Chemical Engineering > Chair Chemical Engineering - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andreas Jess
Research Institutions > Research Units > ZET - Zentrum für Energietechnik
Faculties
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Units
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 600 Technology
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 660 Chemical engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2016 11:36
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2016 11:36
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/34834