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Recombinant Production, Characterization, and Fiber Spinning of an Engineered Short Major Ampullate Spidroin (MaSp1s)

Title data

Thamm, Christopher ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Recombinant Production, Characterization, and Fiber Spinning of an Engineered Short Major Ampullate Spidroin (MaSp1s).
In: Biomacromolecules. (24 February 2017) .
ISSN 1526-4602
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00090

Abstract in another language

Spider dragline silk exhibits an extraordinary toughness and is typically composed of two types of major ampullate spidroins (MaSp1 and MaSp2), differing in their proline content and hydrophobicity. In this paper, we recombinantly produced an unusual but naturally occurring short major ampullate spidroin (MaSp1s) as a fusion construct between established Latrodectus hesperus terminal domains and the novel Cyrtophora moluccensis core domain. The sequence of the recombinant spidroin was engineered to guarantee high yields upon recombinant production and was named eMaSp1s. Its solution structure as well as the mechanical properties of wet-spun eMaSp1s fibers were examined. Structural characterization using CD- and FTIR spectroscopy showed a predominantly α-helical solution structure and a high ß-sheet content within fibers. Surprisingly, eMaSp1s fibers show similar mechanical properties as wet-spun fibers of other engineered spider silk proteins, albeit eMaSp1s has a lower molecular weight and not the typical sequence repeats in its core domain. Therefore, the findings provide insights into the molecular interplay necessary to obtain the typical silk fiber mechanics.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials > Chair Biomaterials - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Molecular Biosciences
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 08:27
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2017 08:27
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/36627