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Patterns of CO₂ exchange and productivity of the herbaceous vegetation and trees in a humid savanna in western Kenya

Title data

Otieno, Dennis O. ; Ondier, Joseph O. ; Arnhold, Sebastian ; Okach, Daniel ; Ruidisch, Marianne ; Lee, Bora ; Kolb, Andreas ; Onyango, John C. ; Huwe, Bernd:
Patterns of CO₂ exchange and productivity of the herbaceous vegetation and trees in a humid savanna in western Kenya.
In: Plant Ecology. Vol. 216 (23 September 2015) Issue 10 . - pp. 1441-1456.
ISSN 1573-5052
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-015-0523-3

Abstract in another language

Factors governing the dynamics between woody and herbaceous vegetation in the savanna are of ecological interest since they determine ecosystem productivity and stability. Field measurements were conducted in a humid savanna in the Lambwe valley, western Kenya, to compare CO₂ exchange of the herbaceous vegetation and trees and its regulation. Soil characteristics and root distribution patterns under tree canopies and in the open locations dominated by the herbaceous vegetation were profiled in 1-m-deep soil layers. Soil water content (SWC) was measured at 30 cm depth both in the herbaceous vegetation and also under the tree canopies. The mean maximum monthly gross primary production (GPPmax) in the herbaceous vegetation was determined from chamber measurements, while daily GPP (GPPday) in both the grass and tree canopies was simulated using the PIXGRO model. The highest mean GPPmax in the herbaceous vegetation was 26.2 ± 3.7 μmol m-2 s-1 during April. Seasonal fluctuations of GPP in the herbaceous vegetation were explained by soil water availability (R2 = 0.78) within the upper 30-cm soil profile. Seasonal GPPday fluctuations were larger (between 1 gC m-2 d-1 and 10 gC m-2 d-1) in the herbaceous vegetation compared to the trees, which fluctuated around 4.3 ± 0.3 gC m-2 d-1 throughout most of the measurement period. Daily tree canopy transpiration (Ec), canopy conductance (Gc), and GPPday were decoupled from SWC in the top 30-cm soil profile. On average, ecosystem GPPday (mean of tree and herbaceous vegetation) was 14.3 ± 1.2 gC m-2 d-1 during the wet period and 6.1 ± 0.9 gC m-2 d-1 during drought. Differences between the herbaceous and tree canopy responses were attributed to soil moisture availability.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Canopy conductance; Canopy transpiration; Gross primary production; Hydraulic lift; Humid savanna; Soil water availability
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Ecological Services > Professorship Ecological Services - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Köllner
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Ecological Services
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 10:06
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 08:37
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/37377