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Motion events in Bambara (Mande)


Dombrowsky-Hahn, Klaudia:
Motion events in Bambara (Mande).
In: Journal of African Languages and Linguistics. Bd. 33 (2012) Heft 1 . - S. 37-66.
ISSN 1613-3811
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jall-2012-0002


The paper analyses motion events in the Mande language Bambara, using the theoretical framework of the revised Talmy theory by Croft et al. (2010). The revision of Talmy's theory of the semantics and syntax of motion events introduces a distinction between symmetrical and asymmetrical constructions and proposes to apply it to individual constructions and not to entire languages.
In Bambara we find two different – both asymmetrical – types of construction: verb framing and satellite framing constructions. The verb framing construction expresses the path of motion in a finite verb, whereas manner of motion is encoded in an adverbial form or copredicative, which is a form derived by means of -tÛ or -bagatÛ. The adverbial form precedes the finite form of the verb.
The second type is a satellite framing construction where the manner of motion is expressed in a finite verb form and the path of motion by means of an infinitive form of the verb introduced by the morpheme kØa. Some of the path verbs existing in the language have developed into prepositions together with the infinitive morpheme kØa. Although this allows characterizing them as satellite framing, there are some features that set them apart from satellite framing constructions in languages like English, German or Polish. The first feature is the fact that even those path verbs that develop into prepositions continue to function as full verbs in the language with no tendency to lose this function; the second one is the possibility of combining several path verbs in one clause. These features make Bambara resemble languages having serial verb constructions, which belong to symmetrical constructions according to Croft et al. (2010).

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Fakultäten > Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Lehrstuhl Afrikanistik I
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 400 Sprache
400 Sprache > 410 Linguistik
400 Sprache > 490 Andere Sprachen
Eingestellt am: 13 Jun 2017 08:48
Letzte Änderung: 13 Jun 2017 08:48
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/37649