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The relationship between physical activity, fitness, physical complaints and BMI in German adults : results of a longitudinal study

Titelangaben

Tittlbach, Susanne ; Jekauc, Darko ; Schmidt, Steffen ; Woll, Alexander ; Bös, Klaus:
The relationship between physical activity, fitness, physical complaints and BMI in German adults : results of a longitudinal study.
In: European Journal of Sport Science. Bd. 17 (September 2017) Heft 8 . - S. 1090-1099.
ISSN 1536-7290
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1347963

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
This study's aims were to describe the development of physical activity, physical fitness (PF), subjective (physical complaints (PC)) and objective (Body mass index (BMI)) health measures and to examine the relationship between the development trajectories. In addition, the study also aimed to assess the influence of sociodemographic determinants (age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES)) in German adults over a period of 18 years.
METHODS:
The longitudinal study population comprises of 721 men and women, aged 33-76 years over the study period. There was self-report of physical activity and PC and testing of physical fitness and BMI in each study year (1992, 1997, 2002 and 2010). Latent growth curve models were used to analyse the development.
RESULTS:
Physical activity slightly increased while fitness, PC and BMI worsened over the course of 18 years. Sex, age and SES play important roles concerning physical activity, fitness and health. Several integrative associations could be detected between physical activity, fitness, PC and BMI as well as their trajectories. In particular, high initial levels of physical activity and fitness protect from high PC and BMI.The slope of physical activity was not significantly associated with slopes of fitness, PC and BMI. However, increase of fitness resulted in decrease of PC.
CONCLUSIONS:
A general positive development regarding the amount of physical activity could be detected. However, if it is only an unsystematic increase of physical activity, this is not in itself enough to achieve health benefits. The strengthening of fitness should be focused when increasing physical activity, since only then a health benefit is possible.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: BMI; Physical activity; complaints; fitness; latent growth curves; longitudinal study
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Sportwissenschaft > Lehrstuhl Sportwissenschaft III (Sozial- und Gesundheitswissenschaften des Sports) > Lehrstuhl Sportwissenschaft III (Sozial- und Gesundheitswissenschaften des Sports) - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Susanne Tittlbach
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Fakultäten > Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Sportwissenschaft
Fakultäten > Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Sportwissenschaft > Lehrstuhl Sportwissenschaft III (Sozial- und Gesundheitswissenschaften des Sports)
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 700 Künste und Unterhaltung > 790 Sport, Spiele, Unterhaltung
Eingestellt am: 08 Aug 2017 06:12
Letzte Änderung: 08 Aug 2017 06:12
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/39073