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Nanoporous Thin Films Formed by Salt-Induced Structural Changes in Multilayers of Poly(acrylic acid) and Poly(allylamine)

Title data

Fery, Andreas ; Schöler, Björn ; Cassagneau, Thierry ; Caruso, Frank:
Nanoporous Thin Films Formed by Salt-Induced Structural Changes in Multilayers of Poly(acrylic acid) and Poly(allylamine).
In: Langmuir. Vol. 17 (June 2001) Issue 13 . - pp. 3779-3783.
ISSN 1520-5827
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/la0102612

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

We report here on the influence of changes in the solution salt concentration on the structure of multilayers of weak polyelectrolytes. For poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and poly(allylamine) (PAH) multilayers assembled by the layer-by-layer process in the presence of sodium chloride, washing with pure water after deposition of each layer produces films with considerable surface roughness (root-mean-squared (rms) roughness ∼17 nm for a 10 layer film), as assessed by scanning force microscopy. In contrast, relatively smooth (rms roughness ∼1 nm) and homogeneous PAH/PAA multilayer films are formed when the salt concentration is kept constant both during the assembly process and in the washing steps. For such smooth films, subsequent exposure to pure water leads to the introduction of regular, discrete, nanometer-sized pores, thus providing a means of introducing lateral structure into the PAH/PAA multilayer films. Electrochemical measurements revealed that the pores formed in less than 10 min. The sensitivity of the multilayer films to salt as well as the subsequent creation of nanopores potentially makes them attractive candidates for use in controlled-release applications where defined permeability characteristics are desired.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Chair Physical Chemistry II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Fery
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Physical Chemistry II
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 09:19
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2014 09:19
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/4056