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When the strictest right is the greatest wrong: Kant on Fairness

Title data

Pinheiro Walla, Alice:
When the strictest right is the greatest wrong: Kant on Fairness.
In: Estudos Kantianos. Vol. 3 (2015) Issue 1 .
ISSN 2318-0501

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Abstract in another language

In this paper, I put forward an interpretation of the Kantian state that offers an alternative to the traditional minimalist and to recent welfare interpretations of the Kantian state. I show that although the Kantian state has no duty to redistribute, Kant’s conception of equity or fairness (Billigkeit, MS RL VI: 234) allows the state to recognize redistribution as belonging to the ideal republic (republica noumenon), towards which all states have a non-coercible obligation to strive. I back up my interpretation with passages of the Metaphysics of Morals and of Kant’s lectures in which Kant questions the character of the duty of beneficence as a meritorious duty, given the fact that need is often the result of previous injustice of governments. The problem is that although the destitute have a right to collective aid, unlike strict right, these rights cannot be juridically enforced. This has led to the wrong conclusion that the state or the supreme commander has a duty of virtue towards its subjects and that the poor have no right to aid.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Philosophy > Juniorprofessur Politische Philosophie > Juniorprofessur Politische Philosophie - Juniorprof. Dr. Alice Pinheiro Walla
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Philosophy
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Philosophy > Juniorprofessur Politische Philosophie
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 100 Philosophy and psychology > 100 Philosophy
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 09:55
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 09:55
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/40929