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The Porosity of Pillared Clays Studied by Hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR Spectroscopy and Xe Adsorption Isotherms

Title data

Senker, Jürgen ; Keenan, Caroline D. ; Herling, Markus M. ; Rössler, Ernst ; Petzold, Nikolaus ; Bowers, Clifford R. ; Breu, Josef ; Siegel, Renee:
The Porosity of Pillared Clays Studied by Hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR Spectroscopy and Xe Adsorption Isotherms.
In: Langmuir. Vol. 29 (December 2012) Issue 2 . - pp. 643-652.
ISSN 1520-5827
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/la304502r

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

The influence of the layer charge on the microstructure was studied for a series of three hybrid pillared interlayered clays based on the organic di-cation Me2DABCO2+ and charge reduced synthetic fluorohectorites. To get a detailed picture of the local arrangements within the interlayer space, multi-nuclear solid-state NMR spectroscopy was performed in conjunction with high-resolution 129Xe MAS NMR, temperature dependent wide-line 1D and 2D 129Xe NMR and Ar/Ar(l) and Xe/Xe(l) physisorption measurements. The resulting layer charge (x) for the three samples are 0.48, 0.44 and 0.39 per formula unit (p.f.u.). The samples exhibit BET equivalent surfaces between 150 and 220 m2/g and pore volumes which increase from 0.06 to 0.11 cm3/g while the layer charge reduces. 1D and 2D 1H, 13C, 19F and 29Si MAS data reveal that the post synthetic charge reduction induces regions with higher defect concentrations within the silicate layers. Although the pillars tend to avoid these defect-rich regions a homogeneous and regular spacing of the Me2DABCO2+ pillars is established. Both the Ar/Ar(l) physisorption and 129Xe NMR measurements reveal comparable pore dimensions. The trend of the temperature dependent wide-line 129Xe spectra as well as the exchange in the EXSY spectra is typical for a narrow 2D pore system. 129Xe high-resolution experiments allow for a detailed description of the microstructure. For x = 0.48 a bimodal distribution with pore diameters between 5.9 Å and 6.4 Å is observed. Reducing the layer charge leads to a more homogeneous pore structure with a mean diameter of 6.6 Å (x = 0.39). The adsorption enthalpies ∆Hads determined from the temperature dependent 129Xe chemical shift data fit well to the ones derived from the Xe/Xe(l) physisorption measurements in the high-pressure limit while the magnitude of ∆Hads in the low pressure limit is significantly larger. Thus the 129Xe data are influenced by adsorbate-adsorbent as well as adsorbate-adsorbate interactions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Professorship Experimental Physics VII
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Former Professors > Professorship Experimental Physics VII - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ernst Rößler
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Anorganic Chemistry I
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Anorganic Chemistry I > Chair Anorganic Chemistry I - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Josef Breu
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Anorganic Chemistry III
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Anorganic Chemistry III > Chair Anorganic Chemistry III - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jürgen Senker
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit > SFB 840 Von partikulären Nanosystemen zur Mesotechnologie
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 10:31
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 10:35
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/43171