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Comparison of different concurrences characterizing photon pairs generated in the biexciton cascade in quantum dots coupled to microcavities

Title data

Cygorek, M. ; Ungar, Florian ; Seidelmann, Tim ; Barth, Andreas M. ; Vagov, Alexei ; Axt, Vollrath Martin ; Kuhn, T.:
Comparison of different concurrences characterizing photon pairs generated in the biexciton cascade in quantum dots coupled to microcavities.
In: Physical Review B. Vol. 98 (2018) Issue 4 . - Art.Nr. 045303, 17 S..
ISSN 0163-1829
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.045303

Project information

Project financing: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

We compare three different notions of concurrence to measure the polarization entanglement of two-photon states generated by the biexciton cascade in a quantum dot embedded in a microcavity. The focus of the paper lies on the often-discussed situation of a dot with finite biexciton binding energy in a cavity tuned to the two-photon resonance. Apart from the time-dependent concurrence, which can be assigned to the two-photon density matrix at any point in time, we study single- and double-time integrated concurrences commonly used in the literature that are based on different quantum state reconstruction schemes. In terms of the photons detected in coincidence measurements, we argue that the single-time integrated concurrence can be thought of as the concurrence of photons simultaneously emitted from the cavity without resolving the common emission time, while the more widely studied double-time integrated concurrence refers to photons that are neither filtered with respect to the emission time of the first photon nor with respect to the delay time between the two emitted photons. Analytic and numerical calculations reveal that the single-time integrated concurrence indeed agrees well with the typical value of the time-dependent concurrence at long times, even when the interaction between the quantum dot and longitudinal acoustic phonons is accounted for. Thus the more easily measurable single-time integrated concurrence gives access to the physical information represented by the time-dependent concurrence. However, the double-time integrated concurrence shows a different behavior with respect to changes in the exciton fine structure splitting and even displays a completely different trend when the ratio between the cavity loss rate and the fine structure splitting is varied while keeping their product constant. This implies the nonequivalence of the physical information contained in the time-dependent and single-time integrated concurrence on the one hand and the double-time integrated concurrence on the other hand.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: quantum dot; path-integrals; entanglement, concurrence; microcavity; polarization entaglement; two-time correlation functions; nonlinear optics; ultrafast dynamics; pure dephasing; phonons; decoherence, excitons, biexcitons, non-Markovian dynamics, memory effects, phonon-induced memory, multi-phonon processes, quantum dissipative dynamics, numerically exact, Lindblad operators, non-Hamiltonian dynamics
Subject classification: condensed matter physics (theoretical)
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III > Chair Theoretical Physics III - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Axt
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2018 09:44
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2018 09:44
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/45016