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Ultralight, Thermally Insulating, Compressible Polyimide Fiber Assembled Sponges

Titelangaben

Jiang, Shaohua ; Uch, Bianca ; Agarwal, Seema ; Greiner, Andreas:
Ultralight, Thermally Insulating, Compressible Polyimide Fiber Assembled Sponges.
In: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. Bd. 9 (2017) Heft 37 . - S. 32308-32315.
ISSN 1944-8252
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b11045

Abstract

Tunable density, thermally and mechanically stable, elastic, and thermally insulating sponges are required for demanding applications. Hierarchically structured sponges with bimodal interconnected pores, porosity more than 99%, and tunable densities (between 7.6 and 10.1 mg/cm3) are reported using polyimide (PI) as high temperature stable polymer. The sponges are made by freeze-drying a dispersion of short PI fibers and precursor polymer, poly(amic acid) (PAA). The concept of “self-gluing” the fibrous network skeleton of PI during sponge formation was applied to achieve mechanical stability without sacrificing the thermal properties. The sponges showed initial degradation above 400 and 500 °C in air and nitrogen, respectively. They have low thermal conductivity of 0.026 W/mK and thermal diffusivity of 1.009 mm2/s for a density of 10.1 mg/cm3. The sponges are compressible for at least 10 000 cycles and good thermal insulators even at high compressions. These fibrous PI sponges are promising candidates for potential applications in thermal insulation, lightweight construction, high-temperature filtration, sensors, and catalyst carrier for high-temperature reactions.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie > Lehrstuhl Makromolekulare Chemie II
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie > Lehrstuhl Makromolekulare Chemie II > Lehrstuhl Makromolekulare Chemie II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Greiner
Fakultäten
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 540 Chemie
Eingestellt am: 10 Aug 2018 13:11
Letzte Änderung: 10 Aug 2018 13:11
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/45397