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Well-defined metal-polymer nanocomposites : the interplay of structure, thermoplasmonics, and elastic mechanical properties

Title data

Saleta Reig, David ; Hummel, Patrick ; Wang, Zuyuan ; Rosenfeldt, Sabine ; Graczykowski, Bartlomiej ; Retsch, Markus ; Fytas, George:
Well-defined metal-polymer nanocomposites : the interplay of structure, thermoplasmonics, and elastic mechanical properties.
In: Physical Review Materials. Vol. 2 (2018) Issue 12 . - p. 123605.
ISSN 2475-9953
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.123605

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
VolkswagenStiftung

Abstract in another language

Metal-polymer nanocomposites are hybrid materials combining the superior plasmonic, electrical, and thermal properties of metals with the good elasticity and manufacturability of polymers. This renders metal-polymer nanocomposites promising candidates for conductive filler and coating applications, where mechanical properties are optothermally coupled. Here, we study the interplay of nanostructure, thermoplasmonics, and elastic mechanical properties of silver-polystyrene nanocomposites (AgPS) by transmission electron microscopy, small-angle x-ray scattering, Brillouin light scattering (BLS), and other supplemental techniques. We utilize the well-known particle-brush architecture to ensure a homogeneous and isotropic nanoparticle distribution throughout the hybrid material. The effective longitudinal modulus of the as-prepared samples is found to decrease from 5.7 to 4.8 GPa with increasing Ag content from 0 to 4.4 vol.%. Temperature-dependent BLS measurements reveal the unique contribution of local thermoplasmonic heating that depends on the Ag nanoparticle composition. This thermoplasmonic effect results in a lower apparent glass transition temperature (Tg) and a stronger laser power dependence of the speed of sound. Exceeding moderate thermal annealing temperatures (>150∘C) leads to a strong structural rearrangement within the homogeneous nanocomposite material with a peculiar clustering-redispersion effect, which also translates into altered mechanical properties. The annealing-induced Ag nanoparticle aggregation results in an even stronger thermoplasmonic effect. We validate our experimental findings with complementary thermographic measurements and finite-element modeling. Overall, this work demonstrates the combined effects of composition and (reversible) aggregation on the mechanical and thermoplasmonic properties of metal-polymer nanocomposites. It not only deepens our understanding of the interaction between light, temperature, and mechanical properties in metal-polymer nanocomposites but also provides a guide for customizing AgPS nanocomposites for potential applications.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Physical Chemistry I
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Physical Chemistry I > Lehrstuhl Physikalische Chemie I - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Markus Retsch
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Institute of Macromolecular Research - BIMF
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Colloids and Interfaces - BZKG
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit > SFB 840 Von partikulären Nanosystemen zur Mesotechnologie
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 09:44
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 10:16
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/46841