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Uniqueness of Protected Areas for Conservation Strategies in the European Union

Title data

Hoffmann, Samuel ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl ; Field, Richard ; Provenzale, Antonello ; Chiarucci, Alessandro:
Uniqueness of Protected Areas for Conservation Strategies in the European Union.
In: Scientific Reports. Vol. 2018 (24 April 2018) Issue 8 . - No. 6445.
ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24390-3

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Abstract in another language

Protected areas (PAs) constitute major tools in nature conservation. In the European Union (EU), the Birds and Habitats Directives are the most important policies for conservation strategy, legally preserving Europe’s characteristic, rare, endemic and threatened biota. We used occurrence data for species listed in the directives’ Annexes to assess the uniqueness of major PAs in the EU (National Parks, Biosphere Reserves); this is important for preserving the EU’s focal species. We developed a novel, multifunctional approach to calculate different metrics of conservation value that represent different components of species diversity within the PAs, involving inventory diversity, deviation from the species–area relationship, species rarity and differentiation diversity. Applying it, we found that individual PAs frequently vary considerably in their scores on different components, which are often disconnected from PA size. PAs around the EU periphery, often containing few species, are key to conserving species that are rare in the EU. Because our analysis focuses on EU priority species and includes different components of diversity, it allows more appropriate estimation of conservation value inside PAs in context of the EU than recent, high-profile, global-level research. We offer tools to evaluate, and information to regulate, the representativeness, persistence and efficiency of PAs.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER145886
Keywords: Conservation Strategies; European Union
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 12:46
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2019 07:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/47656