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Alternative modes of polymerization distinguish the subunits of equine infectious anemia virus reverse transcriptase

Title data

Wöhrl, Birgitta M. ; Howard, Kathryn J. ; Jacques, Pamela S. ; Le Grice, Stuart F.J.:
Alternative modes of polymerization distinguish the subunits of equine infectious anemia virus reverse transcriptase.
In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol. 269 (1994) Issue 11 . - pp. 8541-8548.
ISSN 1083-351X

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

A comparative study of recombinant 51- and 66-kDa subunits comprising equine infectious anemia virus reverse transcriptase (EIAV RT) is reported. Both polypeptides sedimented as stable homodimers (molecular mass, 102 and 132 kDa, respectively) when analyzed by rate sedimentation through glycerol gradients. Consistent with their dimer composition, each preparation displayed considerable levels of both RNA- and DNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity on different homopolymeric template/primer combinations. However, a detailed analysis of the polymerization products indicated qualitative differences. Whereas p66 EIAV RT proceeded essentially unimpaired along both RNA and DNA templates, p51-catalyzed DNA synthesis was interrupted close to or in the immediate vicinity of the primer. A series of "programmed" 2-step polymerization reactions suggests that p51 EIAV RT enters an abortive mode of polymerization. Duplication of this observation with p51 human immunodeficiency virus-1 RT, together with recent observations from murine RT, suggests that lack of a ribonuclease H domain and loss of contact with the nascent product from the polymerase active center have profound consequences on the mode of polymerization.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere - Apl. Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wöhrl
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 20 May 2019 08:16
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 08:16
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/49002