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Beyond BMI : waist circumference and social environment is associated with motor performance ability in kindergartners

Title data

Hoffmann, Sascha W. ; Dreher, Matthias ; Urschitz, Michael S. ; Simon, Perikles:
Beyond BMI : waist circumference and social environment is associated with motor performance ability in kindergartners.
In: BMC Pediatrics. Vol. 20 (2020) . - No. 4.
ISSN 1471-2431
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1872-1

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Abstract in another language

Background: The aim of the current study was to examine the relationship between anthropometric characteristics
(i.e. body height, body weight, body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference [WC]) with motor performance
ability [MPA], social environmental factors of the district (i.e. employment status/working life, education, social
situation/heterogeneity and home environment), where the respective kindergarten was located, as well as other
potential health determinants in a representative sample of kindergartners.
Methods: We analyzed data of 434 children aged 3 to 6 years which were obtained from a community-based
cross-sectional health study conducted in the city of Mainz, Germany. Body height and weight, BMI and WC
standard deviation scores [SDS] were calculated relative to the international proposed cut-offs of the IOTF. MPA was
collected with multiple test items to determine coordination, speed strength, muscular endurance and speed. The
life situation index [LSI] was used to assess the social environment of the district of the kindergarten. Adjusted for
covariates, correlation and logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effect of WC on MPA.
Results: Below-average MPA was found in 46% of the sample. While there was no relationship to BMI (odds ratio
[OR]: 1.09, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.83–1.44; p = 0.538), WC SDS was positively associated with belowaverage
MPA (OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.01–1.95; p = 0.041). Further results show that the social environment of the district
of the kindergarten was independently related to below-average MPA (OR: 2.72, 95% CI: 1.29–5.75; p = 0.009).
Conclusion: The findings suggest that WC rather than BMI is linked to measurements of MPA already in
kindergartners and furthermore, there seems to be an independent association between MPA and the social
environment of the district of the respective kindergarten.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Overweight; Obesity; Kindergartners; Body mass index; Waist circumference; Social environment; City District
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professor Sport Science IV - Sports Medicine and Sports Physiology
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professor Sport Science IV - Sports Medicine and Sports Physiology > Professor Sport Science IV - Sports Medicine and Sports Physiology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Walter Schmidt
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 610 Medicine and health
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2020 07:57
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2020 10:43
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/53720