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Positive and Negative Regulation of Vertebrate Separase by Cdk1-Cyclin B1 May Explain Why Securin Is Dispensable

Title data

Hellmuth, Susanne ; Pöhlmann, Christopher ; Brown, Andreas ; Böttger, Franziska ; Sprinzl, Mathias ; Stemmann, Olaf:
Positive and Negative Regulation of Vertebrate Separase by Cdk1-Cyclin B1 May Explain Why Securin Is Dispensable.
In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol. 290 (March 2015) Issue 12 . - pp. 8002-8010.
ISSN 1083-351X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.615310

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Background: Separase, the trigger protease of eukaryotic anaphase, remains regulated in the absence of its inhibitor, securin. Results: Cdk1-cyclin B1 triggers precipitation of separase by phosphorylation but stabilizes it by inhibitory binding. Conclusion: Only separase that is first complexed by Cdk1-cyclin B1 can later be activated by cyclin B1 degradation. Significance: These minimal requirements of separase regulation could explain the faithful execution of anaphase in the absence of securin.

Sister chromatid cohesion is established during replication by entrapment of both dsDNAs within the cohesin ring complex. It is dissolved in anaphase when separase, a giant cysteine endopeptidase, cleaves the Scc1/Rad21 subunit of cohesin, thereby triggering chromosome segregation. Separase is held inactive by association with securin until this anaphase inhibitor is destroyed at the metaphase-to-anaphase transition by ubiquitin-dependent degradation. The relevant ubiquitin ligase, the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome, also targets cyclin B1, thereby causing inactivation of Cdk1 and mitotic exit. Although separase is essential, securin knock-out mice are surprisingly viable and fertile. Capitalizing on our previous finding that Cdk1-cyclin B1 can also bind and inhibit separase, we investigated whether this kinase might be suitable to maintain faithful timing and execution of anaphase in the absence of securin. We found that, similar to securin, Cdk1-cyclin B1 regulates separase in both a positive and negative manner. Although securin associates with nascent separase to co-translationally assist proper folding, Cdk1-cyclin B1 acts on native state separase. Upon entry into mitosis, Cdk1-cyclin B1-dependent phosphorylation of Ser-1126 renders separase prone to inactivation by aggregation/precipitation. Stable association of Cdk1-cyclin B1 with phosphorylated separase counteracts this tendency and stabilizes separase in an inhibited yet activatable state. These opposing effects are suited to prevent premature cleavage of cohesin in early mitosis while ensuring timely activation of separase by anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome-dependent degradation of cyclin B1. Coupling sister chromatid separation with subsequent exit from mitosis by this simplified mode might have been the common scheme of mitotic control prior to the evolution of securin.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Chromosomes; Cyclin-dependent Kinase (CDK); Cysteine Protease; Mitosis; Phosphorylation; Cdk1-Cyclin B1; Centriole Disengagement; Securin; Separase; Sister Chromatid Separation; CASPASE-ACTIVATED DNASE; CENTRIOLE DUPLICATION; HUMAN-CELLS; COHESIN; CLEAVAGE; PHOSPHORYLATION; INHIBITION; YEAST; OVEREXPRESSION
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Genetics > Chair Genetics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Olaf Stemmann
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 09:10
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 09:10
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54400