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A latent class analysis of small firms' internationalization patterns

Title data

Baum, Matthias ; Schwens, Christian ; Kabst, Rüdiger:
A latent class analysis of small firms' internationalization patterns.
In: Journal of World Business. Vol. 50 (2015) Issue 4 . - pp. 754-768.
ISSN 1090-9516
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2015.03.001

Abstract in another language

Research on International Entrepreneurship recently argues for a fine-grained perspective on different internationalization patterns. By combining prior literature on internationalization patterns with the regionalization hypothesis, we theoretically derive four distinct internationalization patterns of small firms (i.e. born-globals, born-again globals, traditional internationalizers and born-regionals). We then draw on the resource-based view to examine capabilities’ and resources’ impact on these patterns. Testing our theoretical predictions by means of latent class analysis, we find that gradually internationalizing small firms (traditional internationalizers) account for roughly 50% of small firms, while only 15% of the small firms pursue a “true” born-global pattern. International growth orientation and prior international experience promote a born-global and born-regional pattern; learning orientation fosters traditional internationalization; intense network contacts positively affect born-again global patterns and product differentiation leads to a “regionalized” internationalization. We discuss these findings and highlight implications for future studies based on our theoretical and methodological contributions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Internationalization patterns; Latent class analysis; Resource-based-view; Small firms; High technology sectors
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration > Chair Business Administration XVI > Chair Business Administration XVI - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Matthias Baum
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration > Chair Business Administration XVI
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 08:12
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 10:13
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54792