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Tut denken weh? : Überlegungen zur Ökonomietendenz beim komplexen Problemlösen

Title data

Schoppek, Wolfgang:
Tut denken weh? : Überlegungen zur Ökonomietendenz beim komplexen Problemlösen.
In: Viol, Kathrin ; Schöller, Helmut ; Aichhorn, Wolfgang (ed.): Selbstorganisation – ein Paradigma für die Humanwissenschaften. - Wiesbaden : Springer , 2020 . - pp. 423-438
ISBN 978-3-658-29905-7
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-29906-4_23

Abstract in another language

This chapter reflects on Dietrich Dörner's observation that participants in complex dynamic control tasks exhibit a "tendency to economize", that is, they tend to minimize cognitive effort. I interprete this observation in terms of a dual processing approach and explore if the reluctance to adopt Type 2 processing could be rooted in biological energy saving. The view that effortful thinking consumes more energy is too simple. However, there is evidence that the energy available for the cortex at any point in time is quite limited. Therefore, effortful thinking comes at the cost of neglecting other cortical functions. The proposed dual processing approach to problem solving is explored in an experiment where we varied cognitive load in order to make Type 1 or Type 2 processing more likely. Results show that even in the condition with low cognitive load, many participants prefer Type 1 processing, confirming Dörner's observation.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Psychology > Chair Psychology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carlos Kölbl
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 100 Philosophy and psychology > 150 Psychology
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2020 09:37
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2020 09:37
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54881