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Kant und der Probabilismus

Title data

Schuessler, Rudolf:
Kant und der Probabilismus.
In: Di Giulio, Sara ; Frigo, Alberto (ed.): Kasuistik und Theorie des Gewissens : Von Pascal bis Kant. - Berlin : De Gruyter , 2020 . - pp. 193-216
ISBN 978-3-11-062461-8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110624618-010

Abstract in another language

Kant condemned the probabilism of Catholic moral theology as a vehicle of self-love and moral self-deception. However, Kant accepted two principles that had become pillars of probabilism in the seventeenth century. The first principle, claiming that in doubt about ownership the position of the possessor of a thing is preferable, had been innovatively applied by theological probabilists to the possession of opinions and beliefs. Kant used the possessor principle for similar purposes. Moreover, Kant endorsed a second principle, according to which uncertainly valid laws cannot obligate, in a radical interpretation that had before been championed by theological probabilists. In radical form, both principles pose serious challenges to any ethics falling short of aprioristic certainty and identification with the moral law through self-legislation. Thus, Kant’s ethics (if successful) solves problems that had been unveiled by theological probabilists c. 1650 –1750. By posing such a challenge, which the idea of autonomy helps to solve, the probabilism of Catholic moral theology belongs to the prehistory of autonomy in the early modern era.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: probabilism; moral theology; Kant; autonomy
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Philosophy > Chair Philosophy II > Chair Philosophy II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Rudolf Schüßler
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 100 Philosophy and psychology > 100 Philosophy
100 Philosophy and psychology > 190 Modern Western philosophy
200 Religion > 230 Christianity and Christian theology
Date Deposited: 20 May 2020 07:40
Last Modified: 20 May 2020 07:41
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/55185