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The prototype foamy virus protease is active independently of the integrase domain

Title data

Spannaus, Ralf ; Hartl, Maximilian J. ; Wöhrl, Birgitta M. ; Rethwilm, Axel ; Bodem, Jochen:
The prototype foamy virus protease is active independently of the integrase domain.
In: Retrovirology. Vol. 9 (2012) Issue 1 .
ISSN 1742-4690
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-9-41

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Background Recently, contradictory results on foamy virus protease activity were published. While our own results indicated that protease activity is regulated by the viral RNA, others suggested that the integrase is involved in the regulation of the protease. Results To solve this discrepancy we performed additional experiments showing that the protease-reverse transcriptase (PR-RT) exhibits protease activity in vitro and in vivo, which is independent of the integrase domain. In contrast, Pol incorporation, and therefore PR activity in the viral context, is dependent on the integrase domain. To further analyse the regulation of the protease, we incorporated Pol in viruses by expressing a GagPol fusion protein, which supported near wild-type like infectivity. A GagPR-RT fusion, lacking the integrase domain, also resulted in wild-type like Gag processing, indicating that the integrase is dispensable for viral Gag maturation. Furthermore, we demonstrate with a trans-complementation assays that the PR in the context of the PR-RT protein supports in trans both, viral maturation and infectivity. Conclusion We provide evidence that the FV integrase is required for Pol encapsidation and that the FV PR activity is integrase independent. We show that an active PR can be encapsidated in trans as a GagPR-RT fusion protein.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Chair Biopolymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Paul Rösch
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere - Apl. Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wöhrl
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2015 07:28
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 08:32
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/5563