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Aligning with the UN : Nonviolent Self-Determination Movements in the Global South

Title data

Sändig, Jan ; Granzow, Tanja:
Aligning with the UN : Nonviolent Self-Determination Movements in the Global South.
In: Journal of Global Security Studies. Vol. 3 (2018) Issue 3 . - pp. 322-338.
ISSN 2057-3189
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jogss/ogy019

Abstract in another language

Self-determination campaigns in the Global South have often been pursued through warfare. Since the 1990s, however, an increasing number of such movements have endorsed legalistic mechanisms of international law and the UN’s core principle of nonviolence. We introduce the concept of UN-aligned self-determination movements for them. As a starting point to explain their occurrence, we examine two major cases: The Peaceful Southern Movement (Hirak) in Yemen and the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) in contemporary Nigeria. Our analysis combines theories on political opportunities, diffusion, and framing from social movement, civil resistance, and armed rebellion research. We observe that since the end of the Cold War the rule of law,role of the UN, and norms of nonviolent conflict resolution have been strengthened in the international system. We argue that this has given self-determination movements in the Global South new opportunities for claims-making: Facing repressive governments, the leaders of Hirak and MASSOB have successfully aligned their movements with the UN by diffusing its core principles to the local struggle through resonant collective action frames. Thereby, our study contributes to understanding the diffusion of nonviolence in the international system, in particular in self-determination campaigns,and directs attention to the rise of UN-aligned self-determination movements.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: nonviolence; social movements; United Nations; diffusion; Biafra; Yemen
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Sociology of Africa > Chair Sociology of Africa - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jana Hönke
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2020 08:42
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 08:42
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/56216