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On Anonymity and Appresentation : Perceiving the Stranger in Everyday Life

Title data

Gropper, Max:
On Anonymity and Appresentation : Perceiving the Stranger in Everyday Life.
In: Schutzian Research. Vol. 12 (2020) . - pp. 45-67.
ISSN 2067-0621

Abstract in another language

In his famous work on the stranger, Alfred Schutz focuses on the interpretative discrepancies between in-groups and out-groups from the per-spective of a stranger approaching a new group. In doing so, Schutz empha-sizes that strangers can overcome their strangeness within a social group by adapting to the prevalent cultural patterns. Shifting the perspective from the stranger to the in-group this essay aims to argue that the experience of the Other’s strangeness due to a discrepancy of interpretative schemes is only one dimension of how the stranger is perceived in everyday life. A second dimen-sion can be derived from Schutz’ work on appresentation. !is essay will fol-low four analytical steps. First, this essay summarizes the Schutzian approach on perceiving the Other as a taken-for-granted part of everyday life within an assumed intersubjective understanding based on an assumed reciprocity of perspectives. Referring to Eberle’s description of an irreciprocity of perspectives, the second section analyzes the Schutzian stranger based on an intersubjective understanding. !e third section then focuses on the appresentational pro-cesses of perceiving the stranger in everyday life. By using Goffman’s distinc-tion between virtual and actual social identity, the interplay of categorizing and experiencing the Other in everyday life can be described. Finally, consid-ering the question of how it comes that people can #nd themselves strangers in their own society, this paper closes by merging the argumentation with a description of the Schutzian perspective on the processes of stigmatization.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Mundane phenomenology; Experiencing and labeling the stranger; Stigmatization; Everyday life interaction; Irreciprocity of perspectives
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Sociology of Culture and Religion
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Sociology of Culture and Religion > Chair Sociology of Culture and Religion - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Bernt Schnettler
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 08:42
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 08:42
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/62185