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Detecting initial aragonite and calcite variations in limestone–marl alternations

Title data

Nohl, Theresa ; Steinbauer, Manuel J. ; Sinnesael, Matthias ; Jarochowska, Emilia:
Detecting initial aragonite and calcite variations in limestone–marl alternations.
In: Sedimentology. Vol. 68 (2021) .
ISSN 1365-3091
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12885

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Limestone–marl alternations are commonly used for high-resolution cyclostratigraphic studies and palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, but diagenetic studies indicate that not all limestone–marl alternations reflect genuine differences in the initial sediment composition driven by environmental changes. Differences in the ratios of diagenetically inert trace elements between limestones and marls indicate changes affecting the terrigenous fraction of the precursor sediment. Contrarily, limestone–marl alternations without these differences can be the product of: (i) variations in CaCO3 input (aragonite, calcite); (ii) distortion of the latter by diagenetic CaCO3 redistribution; or (iii) diagenetic CaCO3 redistribution in a homogeneous precursor sediment. The aim of this study is to provide a method to differentiate these cases and to identify variations in the proportion of calcite and aragonite in the precursor sediment composition. The model of differential diagenesis assumes that the concentration of diagenetically inert elements is inversely proportional to the amount of redistributed CaCO3. Consequently, the difference between ratios of diagenetically inert elements from two adjacent beds is a measure for CaCO3 redistribution. This is quantifiable by the vector length between ratios from two adjacent beds. The approach is illustrated here by evaluation of a case study from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden. Trace elements were compared according to their solubility during diagenesis. All elements bound to clay minerals or calcite show similar patterns of vector length, while vector length of elements which fit into the aragonite lattice, and are diagenetically mobile, differ. The vector length approach provides a tool to test the diagenetic origin of limestone–marl alternations, to identify initial variations in CaCO3 input and to test a limestone–marl alternation’s suitability for cyclostratigraphic analyses.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professor Sport Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professor Sport Ecology > Professor Sport Ecology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Manuel Jonas Steinbauer
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
500 Science > 560 Fossils, prehistoric life
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 07:40
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2021 07:40
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/66387