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The Early Upper Paleolithic Site Crvenka-At, Serbia : The First Aurignacian Lowland Occupation Site in the Southern Carpathian Basin

Title data

Nett, Janina J. ; Chu, Wei ; Fischer, Peter ; Hambach, Ulrich ; Klasen, Nicole ; Zeeden, Christian ; Obreht, Igor ; Obrocki, Lea ; Pötter, Stephan ; Gavrilov, Milivoj B. ; Vött, Andreas ; Mihailović, Dušan ; Marković, Slobodan B. ; Lehmkuhl, Frank:
The Early Upper Paleolithic Site Crvenka-At, Serbia : The First Aurignacian Lowland Occupation Site in the Southern Carpathian Basin.
In: Frontiers in Earth Science. Vol. 9 (2021) .
ISSN 2296-6463
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2021.599986

Abstract in another language

The Carpathian Basin is a key region for understanding modern human expansion into western Eurasia during the Late Pleistocene because of numerous early hominid fossil find spots. However, the corresponding archeological record remains less understood due to a paucity of well dated, contextualized sites. To help rectify this, we excavated and sampled Crvenka-At (Serbia), one of the largest Upper Paleolithic sites in the region to obtain radiometric ages for the archeological artifacts and evaluate their depositional context and subsequent site formation processes. Our results confirm that this locality represents a multiple-occupation Aurignacian site that dates to 36.4 ± 2.8 ka based on modeling of luminescence ages. Electrical resistivity tomography measurements indicate that the site formed on a sandy-gravelly fill terrace covered by overbank deposits. Complex grain size distributions further suggest site formation in contrasting depositional environments typically occurring alongside fluvial channels, at lakeshores, in alluvial fan or delta settings. The site is thus the closest (ca. 50 km) known Aurignacian site to the earliest undisputed modern human remains in Europe at the Peştera cu oase and some intervals of the occupation may therefore have been contemporaneous with them. This suggests that modern humans, during their initial settlement of Europe, exploited a wider range of topographic and ecological settings than previously posited. Our findings indicate that lowland areas of the Carpathian Basin are an important part of understanding the early settlement patterns of modern humans in Europe.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 11:27
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 11:27
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/66868