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The Convergence of Emerging Digital Technologies : Examining the Interplay of the Internet of Things and Distributed Ledger Technology

Title data

Lockl, Jannik:
The Convergence of Emerging Digital Technologies : Examining the Interplay of the Internet of Things and Distributed Ledger Technology.
Bayreuth , 2021 . - 72 p.
( Doctoral thesis, 2021 , Universität Bayreuth, Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005740

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Digitalization is driven by the fast emergence and adoption of digital technologies (DTs), the questioning of societal conventions and the adjustment of organizational routines. DTs play a visible role in our daily lives, both on an organizational and indeed on an individual level. Despite extensive efforts in research and industry, questions remain unanswered, be they about theoretical underpinnings or their respective influence on practical use. This lack of a thorough understanding limits the scientific discourse and denies practical users the full value of DTs. To fill in this research gap, the cumulative doctoral thesis contains within these pages comprises five research articles which examine the two DTs that are the Internet of Things (IoT) and distributed ledger technology (DLT). Upon examining each of these technologies in their own right, the subsequent sections of this dissertation will shed light on the convergence of these DTs, their implementation, and their adoption. The thesis covers questions of research as well as challenges in practice. It is thus relevant to researchers and practitioners alike.
The IoT connects physical objects with the digital world through sensors, networking capabilities, and digital logic. To a large extent, the IoT builds on smart things, the term ‘smart’ commonly being used to describe the features and capabilities of such things. However, a clear understanding of smartness as one of the key concepts of the IoT has not been defined as of yet. The subsequent thesis addresses this knowledge gap by proposing the concept of a ‘smart action’ and deriving from it a general definition of smartness (research article #1). DLTs are distributed and physically decentralized databases which store information in a tamper-resistant way. For a decade, research on DLT was technology-driven, but nowadays it faces the challenge that technological progress was largely unaware of regulatory boundaries. After all, establishing rules and conventions of compliance is essential for the practical use of DLT. That is why this thesis conceptualizes how DLT could be designed to comply with the GDPR (research article #2). The IoT, much like DLT, are DTs that affect systems at the data layer. With a firmer grasp of the mutual influence of these DTs, DLT could serve as a storage for data generated by smart things of the IoT. The effects and interdependencies resulting from such a convergence of both DTs are, however, still unknown. To resolve this problem, research article #3 is an attempt to identify certain design principles for the development of a DLT-based IoT system. Although the convergence in question offers multiple opportunities for a variety of organizations, many of them have to date struggled to gain value from digitalization and successfully embed DTs in their processes. With regard to the implementation of DTs, research article #4 then provides a success model for process digitalization projects by highlighting factors that drive the success of such implementation projects. Throwing a glance at the users reveals that products and services based on DTs are often hard to comprehend and suffer from lacking adoption. As such a novel technological concept at the intersection of the IoT and DLT, a self-sovereign identity enables users to manage their digital identities in a privacy-preserving manner. To explain and predict its use, research article #5 investigates the effect of information privacy on the adoption of a self-sovereign identity.

Abstract in another language

Abstract
Digitalization is driven by the fast emergence and adoption of digital technologies (DTs), the questioning of societal conventions and the adjustment of organizational routines. DTs play a visible role in our daily lives, both on an organizational and indeed on an individual level. Despite extensive efforts in research and industry, questions remain unanswered, be they about theoretical underpinnings or their respective influence on practical use. This lack of a thorough understanding limits the scientific discourse and denies practical users the full value of DTs. To fill in this research gap, the cumulative doctoral thesis contains within these pages comprises five research articles which examine the two DTs that are the Internet of Things (IoT) and distributed ledger technology (DLT). Upon examining each of these technologies in their own right, the subsequent sections of this dissertation will shed light on the convergence of these DTs, their implementation, and their adoption. The thesis covers questions of research as well as challenges in practice. It is thus relevant to researchers and practitioners alike.
The IoT connects physical objects with the digital world through sensors, networking capabilities, and digital logic. To a large extent, the IoT builds on smart things, the term ‘smart’ commonly being used to describe the features and capabilities of such things. However, a clear understanding of smartness as one of the key concepts of the IoT has not been defined as of yet. The subsequent thesis addresses this knowledge gap by proposing the concept of a ‘smart action’ and deriving from it a general definition of smartness (research article #1). DLTs are distributed and physically decentralized databases which store information in a tamper-resistant way. For a decade, research on DLT was technology-driven, but nowadays it faces the challenge that technological progress was largely unaware of regulatory boundaries. After all, establishing rules and conventions of compliance is essential for the practical use of DLT. That is why this thesis conceptualizes how DLT could be designed to comply with the GDPR (research article #2). The IoT, much like DLT, are DTs that affect systems at the data layer. With a firmer grasp of the mutual influence of these DTs, DLT could serve as a storage for data generated by smart things of the IoT. The effects and interdependencies resulting from such a convergence of both DTs are, however, still unknown. To resolve this problem, research article #3 is an attempt to identify certain design principles for the development of a DLT-based IoT system. Although the convergence in question offers multiple opportunities for a variety of organizations, many of them have to date struggled to gain value from digitalization and successfully embed DTs in their processes. With regard to the implementation of DTs, research article #4 then provides a success model for process digitalization projects by highlighting factors that drive the success of such implementation projects. Throwing a glance at the users reveals that products and services based on DTs are often hard to comprehend and suffer from lacking adoption. As such a novel technological concept at the intersection of the IoT and DLT, a self-sovereign identity enables users to manage their digital identities in a privacy-preserving manner. To explain and predict its use, research article #5 investigates the effect of information privacy on the adoption of a self-sovereign identity.
Deutscher Abstract
Die rasante Entwicklung und gesteigerte Relevanz digitaler Technologien fordert gesellschaftliche Konventionen und organisatorische Routinen. Digitale Technologien spielen eine sichtbare Rolle in unserem täglichen Leben, sowohl auf organisatorischer als auch auf individueller Ebene. Trotz umfangreicher Bemühungen von Forschung und Praxis bleiben Fragen unbeantwortet, sei es zu theoretischen Grundlagen oder ihrer jeweiligen Anwendung. Dieser Mangel an umfassendem Verständnis beschränkt den wissenschaftlichen Diskurs und die Nutzung digitaler Technologien in der Praxis. Um diese Forschungslücke zu schließen, umfasst die vorliegende kumulative Doktorarbeit fünf Forschungsartikel, die sich mit den beiden digitalen Technologien Internet of Things (IoT) und Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) befassen. Nachdem jede dieser Technologien für sich betrachtet wurde, werden in den folgenden Abschnitten die Konvergenz dieser Technologien, ihre Umsetzung und ihre Akzeptanz beleuchtet. Die Dissertation befasst sich sowohl mit Fragen der Forschung als auch mit Herausforderungen der Praxis.
Das IoT verbindet physische Objekte mit der digitalen Welt durch Sensoren, Netzwerkfunktionen und digitale Logik. Das IoT beruht auf „smarten Dingen“, wobei der Begriff "smart" zur Beschreibung der Merkmale und Fähigkeiten solcher Dinge verwendet wird. Ein klares Verständnis von „Smartness“ als eines der Schlüsselkonzepte des IoT gibt es jedoch noch nicht. Die vorliegende Arbeit schließt mit Forschungsartikel #1 diese Wissenslücke, indem sie das Konzept einer "Smart Action" präsentiert und daraus eine allgemeine Definition von „Smartness“ ableitet. DLTs sind verteilte und physisch dezentralisierte Datenbanken, die Informationen manipulationssicher speichern. Die Forschung zu DLT blickt auf eine Dekade technologiefokussierter Studien zurück. Heute jedoch steht der Forschungsbereich allerdings vor der Herausforderung, dass der technologische Fortschritt größtenteils ohne Einbezug regulatorischer Grenzen erfolgte. Schließlich ist eine transparente Regulierung für den praktischen Einsatz von DLT unerlässlich. Deshalb wird in dieser Arbeit ein Konzept entwickelt, wie DLT-basierte Systeme so gestaltet werden können, dass sie mit der europäischen Datenschutz-Grundverordnung in Einklang gebracht werden können (Forschungsartikel #2). IoT und DLT sind Infrastrukturtechnologien. Bei gleichzeitigem Einsatz innerhalb eines Systems beeinflussen sich die beiden digitalen Technologien gegenseitig. DLT könnte dabei als Speicher für Daten dienen, die von smarten Dingen des IoT erzeugt werden. Die Auswirkungen und Abhängigkeiten, die sich aus einer solchen Konvergenz der beiden digitalen Technologien ergeben, sind dabei weitestgehend unbekannt. Um dieses Problem zu lösen, wird in Forschungsartikel #3 versucht, bestimmte Designprinzipien für die Entwicklung eines DLT-basierten IoT-Systems zu identifizieren. Obwohl die Konvergenz der Technologien vielfältige Möglichkeiten bieten würde, haben viele Unternehmen bisher Schwierigkeiten, Nutzen aus der Digitalisierung zu ziehen und digitale Technologien erfolgreich in ihre Prozesse einzubetten. Hinsichtlich der Implementierung solcher Technologien zeigt Forschungsartikel #4 mit einem Erfolgsmodell für Prozessdigitalisierungsprojekte Faktoren auf, die den Erfolg solcher Implementierungsprojekte vorantreiben. Ein Blick auf die Nutzenden zeigt, dass Produkte und Dienstleistungen, die auf digitalen Technologien basieren, oft schwer zu verstehen sind und unter mangelnder Akzeptanz leiden. Als neuartiges technologisches Konzept an der Schnittstelle von IoT und DLT ermöglicht eine selbstsouveräne Identität Nutzern ihre digitalen Identitäten auf eine die Privatsphäre wahrende Weise zu verwalten. Um die spätere Nutzung zu erklären und vorherzusagen, untersucht Forschungsartikel #5 die Auswirkung des Datenschutzes auf die Akzeptanz einer selbstsouveränen Identität.

Further data

Item Type: Doctoral thesis
Keywords: Digital Technology; Emerging Digital Technologies; Distributed Ledger Technology; Internet of Things; Blockchain; IoT; Design Science Research; Grounded Theory; Literature Review; Structural Equation Modeling
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration > Chair Business Administration XVII - Information Systems and Value-Based Business Process Management > Chair Information Systems and Value-Based Business Process Management - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Maximilian Röglinger
Graduate Schools > University of Bayreuth Graduate School
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration > Chair Business Administration XVII - Information Systems and Value-Based Business Process Management
Graduate Schools
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 000 Computer Science, information, general works > 004 Computer science
300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2021 21:00
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 06:05
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/67011