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Scientists have favorable opinions on immunity certificates but raise concerns regarding fairness and inequality

Title data

Aranzales, Iván ; Chan, Ho Fai ; Eichenberger, Reiner ; Hegselmann, Rainer ; Stadelmann, David ; Torgler, Benno:
Scientists have favorable opinions on immunity certificates but raise concerns regarding fairness and inequality.
In: Scientific Reports. Vol. 11 (2021) Issue 1 . - No. 14016.
ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93148-1

Official URL: Volltext

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Abstract in another language

During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, we collected over 12,000 responses from a survey of scientists, who were asked to express their opinions on immunity certificates (also called “immunity passports”) as a potential instrument to lessen the impact of the crisis. Overall, we find that scientists perceive immunity certificates as favorable for public health (50.2%) and the state of the economy (54.4%) while one-fifth (19.1%) and one-sixth (15.4%) disagree. Scientists stipulate some concerns about fairness (36.5%) and inequality (22.4%) arising from implementation of immunity certification. We find some smaller differences among scientific fields, particularly between health scientists and social scientists, with the latter being slightly more positive about the effect of immunity certification. Scholars in the United States, including health scientists, are more likely to view the immunity certificates favorably and mention fewer concerns about this policy’s effect on fairness and inequality. Female scholars are significantly less in favor of immunity certificates, while scientists with more conservative political views hold more favorable opinions. Our results reveal that given the uncertainties during an early phase of a pandemic, scientists see scope for immunity certification to lessen the general societal impacts of the crisis.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Economics > Professor Economics with a focus on development economics > Professor Economics with a focus on development economics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. David Stadelmann
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Economics > Professor Economics with a focus on development economics
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2021 21:00
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2021 09:49
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/67169