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Role of Structural Order and Excess Energy on Ultrafast Free Charge Generation in Hybrid Polythiophene/Si Photovoltaics Probed in Real Time by Near-Infrared Broadband Transient Absorption

Title data

Herrmann, Daniel ; Niesar, Sabrina ; Scharsich, Christina ; Köhler, Anna ; Stutzmann, Martin ; Riedle, Eberhard:
Role of Structural Order and Excess Energy on Ultrafast Free Charge Generation in Hybrid Polythiophene/Si Photovoltaics Probed in Real Time by Near-Infrared Broadband Transient Absorption.
In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 133 (2011) Issue 45 . - pp. 18220-18233.
ISSN 1520-5126
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ja207887q

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Despite the central role of light absorption and the subsequent generation of free charge carriers in organic and hybrid organic–inorganic photovoltaics, the precise process of this initial photoconversion is still debated. We employ a novel broadband (UV–Vis–NIR) transient absorption spectroscopy setup to probe charge generation and recombination in the thin films of the recently suggested hybrid material combination poly(3-hexylthiophene)/silicon (P3HT/Si) with 40 fs time resolution. Our approach allows for monitoring the time evolution of the relevant transient species under various excitation intensities and excitation wavelengths. Both in regioregular (RR) and regiorandom (RRa) P3HT, we observe an instant (<40 fs) creation of singlet excitons, which subsequently dissociate to form polarons in 140 fs. The quantum yield of polaron formation through dissociation of delocalized excitons is significantly enhanced by adding Si as an electron acceptor, revealing ultrafast electron transfer from P3HT to Si. P3HT/Si films with aggregated RR-P3HT are found to provide free charge carriers in planar as well as in bulk heterojunctions, and losses are due to nongeminate recombination. In contrast for RRa-P3HT/Si, geminate recombination of bound carriers is observed as the dominant loss mechanism. Site-selective excitation by variation of pump wavelength uncovers an energy transfer from P3HT coils to aggregates with a 1/e transfer time of 3 ps and reveals a factor of 2 more efficient polaron formation using aggregated RR-P3HT compared to disordered RRa-P3HT. Therefore, we find that polymer structural order rather than excess energy is the key criterion for free charge generation in hybrid P3HT/Si solar cells.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anna Köhler
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 11:05
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2015 11:05
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/6722