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Comparative analyses of sooty mould communities from Brazil and Central Europe

Title data

Flessa, Fabienne ; Harjes, Janno ; Cáceres, Marcela E. S. ; Rambold, Gerhard:
Comparative analyses of sooty mould communities from Brazil and Central Europe.
In: Mycological Progress. Vol. 20 (2021) Issue 7 . - pp. 869-887.
ISSN 1861-8952
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-021-01700-0

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

To gain an insight into fungal sooty mould communities on leaves of trees and shrubs in the tropics and in temperate regions, 47 biofilms of the Mata Atlântica rainforest relic and the Caatinga vegetation in the state of Sergipe, Northeast Brazil, and from Central European colline and alpine zones were compared. The four sampling sites clearly differed in composition of their epiphyllous fungal communities. The fungal OTUs from all sites belonged mainly to the Ascomycota, with Dothideomycetes being the dominant class. The core community group consisted of a few site-specific representatives in co-occurrence with the ubiquitous Mycosphaerella tassiana and Aureobasidium pullulans. Most species of the core community were dark pigmented and were accompanied by facultative unpigmented or lightly pigmented species. Among the cultivable fungal species, the proportion of melanised species was significantly more abundant in samples from the two European sites, which supports the theory of thermal melanism. The identity of the host plant had a stronger impact on fungal community composition than the presence of sap-feeding insects.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Fungal community composition; Sooty mould fungi; Fungal nutrition type; Hyphal pigmentation; Mycogeography; Scale insects
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Professor Mycology > Professor Mycology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gerhard Rambold
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Professor Mycology
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2021 21:00
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 10:12
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/67640