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Wind Sensors

Title data

Foken, Thomas ; Bange, Jens:
Wind Sensors.
In: Foken, Thomas (ed.): Springer Handbook of Atmospheric Measurements. - Cham, Switzerland : Springer , 2021 . - pp. 243-272 . - (Springer Handbooks )
ISBN 978-3-030-52170-7
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52171-4_9

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Various techniques are used to measure the wind speed in the atmosphere, including cup, propeller, and sonic anemometers; the latter can also be used to measure the wind vector. Wind direction measurements are also performed using wind vanes. Sonic anemometers are the devices most commonly used for turbulence measurements. Hot-wire anemometers are employed for special measurements, and Pitot tubes are utilized for aircraft-based measurements. It is also important to note that the conditions at the measuring site can strongly influence the accuracy of wind measurements.
This chapter discusses the variables measured by all of the above devices as well as the corresponding measurement principles and their theoretical foundations. The technical data that each technique provides is presented, the maintenance that must be carried out when using each technique is described, and relevant quality control and calibration methods are introduced. The history of the development of wind sensors is also briefly summarized, and some examples of the application of wind measurements are presented.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Wind vector; Wind direction; Wind speed; Cup anemometer; Propeller anemometer; Sonic anemometer; Sonic temperature; Laser anemometer; Pitot-static tube; Wind vane; Wind tunnel
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Professor Micrometeorology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Foken
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2021 08:19
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2021 08:19
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/67791