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Modeling Warp in Corrugated Cardboard Based on Homogenization Techniques for In-Process Measurement Applications

Title data

Beck, Markus ; Fischerauer, Gerhard:
Modeling Warp in Corrugated Cardboard Based on Homogenization Techniques for In-Process Measurement Applications.
In: Applied Sciences. Vol. 12 (February 2022) Issue 3 . - No. 1684.
ISSN 2076-3417
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app12031684

Abstract in another language

A model for describing warp—characterized as a systematic, large-scale deviation from the intended flat shape—in corrugated board based on Kirchhoff plate theory is proposed. It is based on established homogenization techniques and only a minimum of model assumptions. This yields general results applicable to any kind of corrugated cardboard. Since the model is intended to be used with industrial data, basic material properties which are usually not measured in practice are summarized to a few parameters. Those parameters can easily be fitted to the measurement data, allowing the user to systematically identify ways to reduce warp in a given situation in practice. In particular, the model can be used both as a filter to separate the warp from other surface effects such as washboarding, and to interpolate between discrete sample points scattered across the surface of a corrugated board sheet. Applying the model only requires height measurements of the corrugated board at several known (not necessarily exactly predetermined) locations across the corrugated board and acts as an interpolation or regression method between those points. These data can be acquired during production in a cost-efficient way and do not require any destructive testing of the board. The principle of an algorithm for fitting measured data to the model is presented and illustrated with examples taken from ongoing measurements. Additionally, the case of warp-free board is analyzed in more detail to deduce additional theoretical conditions necessary to reach this state.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Corrugated board; homogenization; orthotropic plate; warping
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Measurement and Control Technology
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Measurement and Control Technology > Chair Measurement and Control Technology - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Fischerauer
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2022 13:17
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 06:44
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/68601