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A novel PWM control for a bi-directional full-bridge DC–DC converter with smooth conversion mode transitions

Title data

Lorentz, Vincent ; Schwarzmann, H. ; März, M. ; Bauer, A. J. ; Ryssel, H. ; Frey, L. ; Poure, P. ; Braun, F.:
A novel PWM control for a bi-directional full-bridge DC–DC converter with smooth conversion mode transitions.
In: International Journal of Electronics. Vol. 98 (2011) Issue 8 . - pp. 1025-1054.
ISSN 1362-3060
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207217.2011.567035

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

A novel CMOS integrated pulse-width modulation (PWM) control circuit allowing smooth transitions between conversion modes in full-bridge based bi-directional DC–DC converters operating at high switching frequencies is presented. The novel PWM control circuit is able to drive full-bridge based DC–DC converters performing step-down (i.e. buck) and step-up (i.e. boost) voltage conversion in both directions, thus allowing charging and discharging of the batteries in mobile systems. It provides smooth transitions between buck, buck-boost and boost modes. Additionally, the novel PWM control loop circuit uses a symmetrical triangular carrier, which overcomes the necessity of using an output phasing circuit previously required in PWM controllers based on sawtooth oscillators. The novel PWM control also enables to build bi-directional DC–DC converters operating at high switching frequencies (i.e. up to 10 MHz and above). Finally, the proposed PWM control circuit also allows the use of an average lossless inductor-current sensor for sensing the average load current even at very high switching frequencies. In this article, the proposed PWM control circuit is modelled and the integrated CMOS schematic is given. The corresponding theory is analysed and presented in detail. The circuit simulations realised in the Cadence Spectre software with a commercially available 0.18 µm mixed-signal CMOS technology from UMC are shown. The PWM control circuit was implemented in a monolithic integrated bi-directional CMOS DC–DC converter ASIC prototype. The fabricated prototype was tested experimentally and has shown performances in accordance with the theory.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: integrated DC–DC converter; full-bridge topology; PWM control; mixed-signal CMOS technology
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayerisches Zentrum für Batterietechnik - BayBatt
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2022 06:54
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2022 06:54
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/69882