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Spectroscopic Signature of Two Distinct H-Aggregate Species in Poly(3-hexylthiophene)

Title data

Panzer, Fabian ; Sommer, Michael ; Bässler, Heinz ; Thelakkat, Mukundan ; Köhler, Anna:
Spectroscopic Signature of Two Distinct H-Aggregate Species in Poly(3-hexylthiophene).
In: Macromolecules. Vol. 48 (2015) Issue 5 . - pp. 1543-1553.
ISSN 0024-9297
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b00129

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst

Abstract in another language

In an endeavor to correlate the optoelectronic properties of π-conjugated polymers with their structural properties, we investigated the aggregation of P3HT in THF solution within a temperature range from 300 to 5 K. By detailed steady-state, site-selective, and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy combined with Franck–Condon analyses, we show that below a certain transition temperature (265 K) aggregates are formed that prevail in different polymorphs. At 5 K, we can spectroscopically identify two H-type aggregates with planar polymer backbones yet different degree of order regarding their side chains. Upon heating, the H-character of the aggregates becomes gradually eroded, until just below the transition temperature the prevailing “aggregate” structure is that of still phase-separated, yet disordered main and side chains. These conclusions are derived by analyzing the vibrational structure of the spectra and from comparing the solution spectra with those obtained from thin films that were cooled slowly from the melting temperature to room temperature and that had been analyzed previously by various X-ray techniques. In addition, site selectively recorded fluorescence spectra show that there is—dependent on temperature—energy transfer from higher energy to lower energy aggregates. This suggests that they must form clusters with dimensions of the exciton diffusion length, i.e., several nanometers in diameter.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie > Lehrstuhl Experimentalphysik II - Optoelektronik weicher Materie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anna Köhler
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Energy Research and Energy Technology
Graduate Schools
Graduate Schools > Bayreuth Graduate School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences (BayNAT)
Graduate Schools > Bayreuth Graduate School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences (BayNAT) > Photophysics of Synthetic and Biological Multichromophoric Systems
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mukundan Thelakkat
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Applied Functional Polymers
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2015 13:12
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 12:32
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/8170