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Functional materials by electrospinning of polymers

Title data

Agarwal, Seema ; Greiner, Andreas ; Wendorff, Joachim H.:
Functional materials by electrospinning of polymers.
In: Progress in Polymer Science. Vol. 38 (2013) Issue 6 . - 963 - 991.
ISSN 0079-6700
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2013.02.001

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

About a decade ago electrospinning was primarily concerned with the preparation of nanofibers from synthetic polymers and to a lower degree from natural polymers targeting predominantly technical applications areas such as textiles and filters as well as medical areas such as tissue engineering and drug delivery. Since then strong progress has been made not only in the understanding and theoretical modeling of the complex processes governing electrospinning and in the strict control of fiber formation by material and operating parameters but also in the design of a broad range of technical spinning devices. These achievements have in turn allowed for an extension of electrospinning towards fiber formation based not only on polymers – of synthetic, biological nature – but also on metals, metal oxides, ceramics, organic/organic, organic/inorganic as well as inorganic/inorganic composite systems. Here not only preparation schemes were investigated but properties and functions of the nanofibers were analyzed and potential applications were evaluated. As far as technical applications are concerned nanofibers composed of such materials can today be designed in a highly controlled way to display specific structural features. They include phase morphology and surface topology as well as unique functions including in particular magnetic, optical, electronic, sensoric, catalytic functions specific for one-dimensional architectures. Significant developments have also been achieved towards the exploitation of such functional nanofibers in applications involving among others fuel cells, lithium ion batteries, solar cell, electronic sensors as well as photocatalysts. One major target is currently the incorporation of such functional nanofibers in micrometer-sized electronic devices or even the construction of such devices purely from nanofibers. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Electrospinning; Functional nanofibers; Magnetic properties; Optoelectronic applications
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Greiner
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Colloids and Interfaces - BZKG
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 600 Technology
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2015 08:19
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 08:44
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/9126